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1 City (1990 pop. 225,366), seat of Fayette co., N central Ky., in the heart of the bluegrass region; inc. 1832, made coextensive with Fayette co. 1974. The outstanding center in the United States for the raising of thoroughbred horses, it is also an important market for tobacco, livestock, and bluegrass seed as well as a railroad shipping point for E Kentucky's oil, coal, farm produce, and quarry products. Lexington has railroad shops and plants making fixtures, metal products, processed foods, machinery, and transportation and electronic equipment. The Univ. of Kentucky and Transylvania Univ. are there, as is Keeneland Racetrack.

Places of interest include "Ashland," the home of Henry ClayClay, Henry,
1777–1852, American statesman, b. Hanover co., Va. Early Career

His father died when he was four years old, and Clay's formal schooling was limited to three years.
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 (designed by Latrobe in 1806 and rebuilt with the original materials in the 1850s); "Hopemont," the home of John Hunt MorganMorgan, John Hunt,
1825–64, Confederate general in the American Civil War, b. Huntsville, Ala. He spent most of his early life in Kentucky. At the outbreak of the Civil War, Morgan joined the Confederates as a cavalry scout, and in 1862 he began the daring raids behind
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 (1811); the Thomas Hart house (1794); the home of Mary Todd LincolnLincoln, Mary Todd,
1818–82, wife of Abraham Lincoln, b. Lexington, Ky. Of a good Kentucky family, she was living with her sister, daughter-in-law of Gov. Ninian Edwards of Illinois, in Springfield, Ill., when she met and married (1842) Lincoln.
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; and the library, which has a file of the Kentucky Gazette, founded by John Bradford in 1787. Lexington cemetery contains the graves of Clay, Morgan, J. C. BreckinridgeBreckinridge, John Cabell,
1821–75, Vice President of the United States (1857–61) and Confederate general, b. Lexington, Ky. A lawyer, Breckinridge served in the Kentucky legislature (1849–51) and in the House of Representatives (1851–55).
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, and the author James Lane AllenAllen, James Lane,
1849–1925, American novelist, b. Lexington, Kentucky. Among his stylized, "genteel" novels set in his native region are A Kentucky Cardinal (1894), Aftermath (1895), and The Choir Invisible (1897).
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, and a national cemetery is near the city. The city was named in 1775 by a group of hunters who were encamped on the site when they heard the news of the battle of LexingtonLexington and Concord, battles of,
opening engagements of the American Revolution, Apr. 19, 1775. After the passage (1774) of the Intolerable Acts by the British Parliament, unrest in the colonies increased. The British commander at Boston, Gen.
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2 Town (1990 pop. 28,974), Middlesex co., E Mass., a residential suburb of Boston; settled c.1640, inc. 1713. On Apr. 19, 1775, the first battle of the Revolution was fought there (see Lexington and Concord, battles ofLexington and Concord, battles of,
opening engagements of the American Revolution, Apr. 19, 1775. After the passage (1774) of the Intolerable Acts by the British Parliament, unrest in the colonies increased. The British commander at Boston, Gen.
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). The site is marked by a monument on the triangular green, around which are several 17th- and 18th-century buildings, including Buckman Tavern (1710), where the minutemen assembled. Other attractions are Monroe Tavern (1695), British headquarters during the battle; and the Hancock-Clarke House (1698), where John Hancock and Samuel Adams were awakened by Paul Revere's alarm. The first state normal school in the country was established there in 1839. The theologian and reformer Theodore ParkerParker, Theodore,
1810–60, American theologian and social reformer, b. Lexington, Mass. He graduated from Harvard Divinity School in 1836 and was pastor (1837–46) of the Spring Street Unitarian Church, West Roxbury, Mass.
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 was born in Lexington.


See F. S. Piper, Lexington, the Birthplace of American Liberty (11th ed. 1963).

3 City (1990 pop. 16,581), seat of Davidson co., central N.C., in the Yadkin valley; inc. 1827. Paper products, food, machinery, lumber, furniture, and textiles are manufactured.

4 Town (1990 pop. 6,959), seat of Rockbridge co., W central Va., in the Shenandoah valley, in a lush farm area near Natural Bridge; laid out 1777, inc. 1841. The town was bombarded and partially burned by Gen. David Hunter in 1864. Lexington is the seat of Virginia Military Institute (V.M.I.) and Washington and Lee Univ. It is also the burial place of Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson. The Lee family crypt and museum is located on the campus of Washington and Lee Univ. The home of Stonewall Jackson, who taught at V.M.I., retains many of his possessions; he is buried in Lexington cemetery.

Lexington (Independent City), Virginia

300 E Washington St
Lexington, VA 24450
Phone: (540) 463-7133
Fax: (540) 463-5310

In south-central VA, northeast of Roanoke. Established in 1778; incorporated as a town in 1874; as a city in 1965. Serves as county seat for Rockbridge County. Name Origin: Probably for the village in MA where the first battle of the American Revolution was fought

Area (sq mi):: 2.49 (land 2.49; water 0.00) Population per square mile: 2721.30
Population 2005: 6,776 State rank: 125 Population change: 2000-20005 -1.30%; 1990-2000 -1.30% Population 2000: 6,867 (White 85.00%; Black or African American 10.40%; Hispanic or Latino 1.60%; Asian 1.90%; Other 1.70%). Foreign born: 4.00%. Median age: 23.30
Income 2000: per capita $16,497; median household $28,982; Population below poverty level: 21.60% Personal per capita income (2000-2003): $21,778-$23,612
Unemployment (2004): 4.40% Unemployment change (from 2000): 2.80% Median travel time to work: 10.50 minutes Working outside county of residence: 57.90%
Cities with population over 10,000: None
See other counties in .



a city in the USA, in the state of Kentucky. Population, 108,000 (1970). It is the commercial center of a region of tobacco farmers and Thoroughbred horse raisers. Lexington has tobacco and food industries and is the site of a university. It was founded in 1779.


opening engagement of the American Revolution (1775). [Am. Hist.: Jameson, 283]
See: Battle


1. a city in NE central Kentucky, in the bluegrass region: major centre for horse-breeding. Pop. (including Fayette): 266 798 (2003 est.)
2. a city in Massachusetts, northwest of Boston: site of the first action (1775) of the War of American Independence. Pop.: 30 631 (2003 est.)
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Events like The American Cancer Society Relay for Life provide Lexington Regional Health Center the opportunity to give back to their local community.
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More than 200 members of the crew died in the battle but most were rescued by other US vessels before the Lexington sank.
The Lexington was originally designed as a battlecruiser, but was later converted into one of the US Navy's early aircraft carriers.
Furthermore, the sale has reduced our leverage considerably and produced cash to retire the outstanding balance on our revolving credit facility and fund other growth opportunities," said Lexington President and CEO Wilson Eglin.
He will work alongside Lexington's co-founders Nigel Greenaway and Gary Partridge on corporate finance projects, responsible for helping with financial analysis, transaction project management and corporate research.
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