Li Dazhao


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Li Dazhao

(lē dä-jou), 1888–1927, professor of history and librarian at Beijing Univ., cofounder of the Chinese Communist party with Chen DuxiuChen Duxiu
or Ch'en Tu-hsiu
, 1879–1942, Chinese educator and Communist party leader. He was active in the republican revolution of 1911 and was forced to flee to Japan after taking part in the abortive "second revolution" of 1913 against Yüan Shih-kai.
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. He was the first important Chinese intellectual to support the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia. A leader in the May Fourth MovementMay Fourth Movement
(1919), first mass movement in modern Chinese history. On May 4, about 5,000 university students in Beijing protested the Versailles Conference (Apr. 28, 1919) awarding Japan the former German leasehold of Kiaochow (Jiaozhou), Shandong prov.
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 (1919), he organized several Marxist study groups and helped found the Communist party in 1921. Although his populist, nationalistic view of the peasant role in the revolution was not favored by the early party, it deeply influenced his assistant, Mao ZedongMao Zedong
or Mao Tse-tung
, 1893–1976, founder of the People's Republic of China. Mao was one of the most prominent Communist theoreticians and his ideas on revolutionary struggle and guerrilla warfare have been extremely influential, especially among Third
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. He was executed by the Manchurian general Chang Tso-linChang Tso-lin
, 1873–1928, Chinese general. Chang was of humble birth. As the leader of a unit of Manchurian militia he assisted (1904–5) the Japanese in the Russo-Japanese War. He held various military posts under the Chinese republic.
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.

Bibliography

See M. J. Meisner, Li Ta-chao and the Origins of Chinese Marxism (1967).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Li Dazhao, China's earliest Marxist theorist and one of the earliest leaders of the CCP, was a professor at Peking University and Chief librarian of the University Library.
In June 1918, the head librarian at Beijing University, Li Dazhao, paid his tributes to Lenin.
Moreover, Bartke includes two leaders, Li Dazhao and Xiang Jingyu, not included in any of the People's Daily Online sources (Bartke 1990, 470).
* Li Dazhao: None of the People's Daily Online documents lists Li Dazhao as a CEC member.
Meanwhile Communist Party of China (CPC) was founded on July 1 1921 by Chen Duxiu and Li Dazhao. The communist leadership of the Soviet Russia supported both the KMT and CPC.
Of these intellectuals, this essay will focus in particular on Chen Duxiu and Li Dazhao, whose interpretations and analysis of Marxism-Leninism and its application in China had the most lasting impact.
Marshalling all the resources of grand epic filmmaking, Han and Huang capture the necessary exhilaration and excitement of the moments in which Mao and comrades Chen, Li Dazhao (Zhang Jiayi), Hu Shi (Daniel Wu) and Li Da (Huang Jue) realized their dreams had the mass support to become reality.
On the more historical side, but nevertheless still most germane to the present, is Xiufen Lu's "Li Dazhao and the Materialist Conception of History." Such a conception of history and China's contemporary response to its historical context is portrayed and examined in "Shanghai's Modernity in the Western Eye" by Katrina Gulliver.
He argues further that Guo Moruo ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]) (1892-1978), Li Dazhao ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]) (1889-1927), Qu Qiubai ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]) (1899-1935) and many of their contemporary May Fourth intellectuals turned to Communism precisely because of their quest for individual emancipation (Chen 2007: 5-9).
Our understanding of Li Dazhao, (1) in particular, has suffered from such a treatment.
The Legacy of Li Dazhao Xiufen Lu, Wichita State University