Li Ta-chao:see Li DazhaoLi Dazhao
, 1888–1927, professor of history and librarian at Beijing Univ., cofounder of the Chinese Communist party with Chen Duxiu. He was the first important Chinese intellectual to support the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia.
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Born Oct. 6, 1888, in the district of Laot’ing, the province of Hopeh; died Apr. 28, 1927, in Peking. The first Chinese propagandist of Marxism. One of the founders and leaders of the Communist Party of China (CPC).
From 1907 to 1913, Li Ta-chao studied at the Peiyang School of Politics and Law in Tientsin, and from 1913 to 1916 he studied at Waseda University in Tokyo. He became involved in the democratic struggle during the Hsin-Hai Revolution (1911–13). In 1916 he began his collaboration with the progressive journal Hsin ch’ing-nien (New Youth) and several other publications. He was active in the democratic movement for a new culture, a movement begun in 1915 by the progressives among the Chinese intelligentsia. In 1918 he became the director of the library of Peking University; he also lectured on political economy and subsequently on a number of subjects at the university. In 1918 he published articles hailing the victory of the October Revolution of 1917 in Russia, which influenced him to become a Marxist and to begin spreading Marxist ideas in China. In 1918–19 he was active in the creation of student organizations and their press organs. In 1919, Li Ta-chao was the ideological leader and one of the organizers of the May Fourth Movement. In March 1920 in Peking he organized the Society for the Study of Marxism. Active in establishing the first Communist circles, in 1921 he helped found the CPC. He was the director of the North Chinese Bureau of the CPC and a member of the Central Committee of the CPC (from 1922). In February 1923 he was one of the leaders of the strike by the workers of the Peking-Hankow Railroad.
Li Ta-chao played an important part in establishing cooperation between the CPC and the Kuomintang, led by Sun Yat-sen, in 1923–24; in developing a new program for the Kuomintang; and in creating a joint revolutionary front based on cooperation between the CPC and the Kuomintang in 1924. He was then elected a member of the Central Executive Committee of the Kuomintang. Li Ta-chao compiled a biography of V. I. Lenin in Chinese. In the summer of 1924 he headed the delegation of the CPC to the Fifth Congress of the Comintern in Moscow. In April 1926 he was forced to go underground because of persecution by Chinese warlords. He was arrested and executed in April 1927.
WORKSIzbrannye stat’i i rechi. Moscow, 1965. (Translated from Chinese.)
REFERENCESChang Tz’u-chi. Li Ta-chao hsien-sheng chuan (Biography of Li Ta-chao). Peking, 1951.
V. P. ILIUSHECHKIN