Li Yüan-hung

Li Yüan-hung

Li Yüan-hung (lē yüän-ho͝ong), 1864–1928, president of China (1916–17, 1922–23). A brigade commander under the Ch'ing dynasty, Li was compelled by army rebels to become military governor of Hubei prov. in the republican revolution of 1911. Elected vice president (1912) of the new republican government, Li assumed the presidency (1916) on the death of Yüan Shih-kai but was soon overshadowed by Tuan Ch'i-jui, premier and leader of the Anfu warlord clique. He was restored as president (1922) by the rival Chihli military clique in an unsuccessful attempt to conciliate the Kuomintang party.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Li Yüan-Hung


Born Oct. 19, 1864, in the district of Huang-p’i, province of Hupeh; died June 3, 1928, in Tientsin. Chinese military and political figure.

On the eve of the bourgeois Hsin-hai Revolution (1911–13), Li Yüan-hung commanded a brigade of the Chinese New Army, outfitted and trained along European lines. On Oct. 11, 1911, during the Wuch’ang rebellion, revolutionary soldiers and officers forced Li Yüan-hung to head a military-revolutionary government in the province of Hupeh. His policy there favored the interests of the Chinese counterrevolution. He was vice-president in the governments of Sun Yat-sen and Yüan Shi-k’ai (from Jan. 3, 1912, to June 6, 1916). He was president of the Chinese Republic from June 7, 1916, to July 1, 1917, and from June 11, 1922, to June 13, 1923. In 1923 he retired from politics.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.