Li Tzu-cheng

(redirected from Li Zicheng)
Also found in: Wikipedia.

Li Tzu-cheng

(lē dzo͞o-chŭng), 1605–45, Chinese rebel leader who contributed to the fall of the MingMing
, dynasty of China that ruled from 1368 to 1644. The first Ming emperor, Chu Yüan-chang (ruled 1368–98), a former Buddhist monk, joined a rebellion in progress, gained control of it, overthrew the Mongol Yüan dynasty, and unified all of China proper.
..... Click the link for more information.
 dynasty. With the help of scholars he organized a government in S Shanxi prov., proclaimed a new dynasty, and sought popular support by giving famine relief and spreading songs and stories lauding his heroic qualities. By 1643 he held much of Hubei, Henan, and Shaanxi provs., and in 1644 he captured Beijing, finding the last Ming emperor dead by suicide. Advancing to Shanhaiguan, a strategic pass on the Great WallGreat Wall of China,
series of fortifications, c.3,890 mi (6,260 km) long (not including trenches and natural defensive barriers), winding across N China from Gansu prov. to Liaoning prov.
..... Click the link for more information.
, Li confronted the Ming general Wu San-kuei. Rather than surrender to a Chinese rebel leader, Wu preferred to collaborate with the Manchus. Li was driven from Beijing, and within a year he was killed and his forces were crushed. The new Manchu Ch'ingCh'ing
or Manchu
, the last of the Imperial dynasties of China. Background

The Ch'ing dynasty was established by the Manchus, who invaded China and captured Beijing in 1644, and lasted until 1911.
..... Click the link for more information.
 dynasty rewarded Wu with an independent satrapy in Yunnan and Guizhou provs.

Li Tzu-Ch’eng

 

Born 1606; died 1645. A leader of the Peasant War of 1628–45 in China. The son of a peasant.

Li Tzu-ch’eng served as a postal courier. Joining the insurgents at the beginning of the war, in 1636 he became head of the peasant army that became the main force of the antifeudal movement in the north of the country. In 1644, in the city of Sian, he was proclaimed emperor. On Apr. 25, 1644, his troops occupied the imperial capital, Peking. Feudal lords in alliance with enemies from outside, the Manchus, forced the rebels out of North China. Li Tzu-ch’eng perished in the south of Hupeh Province.

REFERENCE

Simonovskaia, L. V. Antifeodal’naia bor’ba kitaiskikh krest’ian ν XVII v. Moscow, 1966.
References in periodicals archive ?
The reader may be left wondering why Zhang Xianzhong was picked but not Li Zicheng, why neither Kang Youwei nor Liang Qichao are included, and whether Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping were the only two important people worthy of being considered in the entire history of People's Republic of China from 1949 to now.
16 Inspired by Wang, I have previously explored the features of this unique genre through a series of shishi xiaoshuo "documenting" the Li Zicheng (1605?-1645) rebellion--the peasant rebellion precipitating the suicide of the Chongzhen emperor and the fall of the Ming imperial house.
Liaodong zhuan is among many of the shishi xiaoshuo produced in the closing decades of the Ming dynasty to address major political events such as the downfall of Wei Zhong-xian, the Li Zicheng rebellion, and the Manchu's bloody takeover of the Jiangnan area.
The shifting emphasis on Mao Wenlong's public and private life on in the shishi xiaoshuo literature is not an isolated case, however; similar phenomena are observed with writings concerning Wei Zhongxian and Li Zicheng. With respect to Wei Zhongxian, while work like Wei Zhongxian xiaoshuo chijian shu relies on dibao and elaborates on Wei's manipulation of politics during the Tianqi reign, Huangming zhongxing shenglie zhuan switches the focus to Wei's relationship with Madam Ke, the wet nurse of the Tianqi emperor, who supposedly plays a significant role in Wei's ascension to power.
Examining various novels on the suppression of the Li Zicheng rebellion, argue that "contemporaneity" and "historical immediacy" of shishi xiaoshuo are the most important features of this genre.
The play includes additional scenes that describe the ferociousness and moral decadence of Li Zicheng [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (1606-45) and his rebels, who overthrew the Ming dynasty.
In the spring of 1644, the rebel forces of Li Zicheng, the self-styled "New Prince of Shun," surrounded the Ming capital in present-day Beijing and threatened to attack unless the emperor of China agreed to negotiate.
On one level, this admirable book by Roger Des Forges, a historian at the State University of New York at Buffalo, can be read as an extended background study of the uprising of Li Zicheng and the fall of the Ming.
As the uprising of Li Zicheng spread, it also became clear that it would be his advantage to associate himself with the Li ruling house of the Tang period (618-907).
Li Zicheng of Wuyuan is a relative of my wife, who did not consider several hundred miles too far to come and condole with me at Suzhou.
Here, the recipient, Li Zicheng, and the artist's late wife have become of no account, and what matters instead is the intimate revelation of selfhood on the part of the artist.
Yet nowhere in the inscription does Wen call Li Zicheng his friend (a term I will come back to), and we therefore need to look again at the status of this relative.