Liability, Criminal

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Liability, Criminal

 

a type of legal liability for violations of the law. Under Soviet law the basis of criminal liability is the commission, either intentionally or through negligence, of a dangerous act provided for by criminal law. Criminal liability ensues primarily from the commission of crimes, but it may also ensue from the preparation of a crime, an attempted crime, or complicity. Criminal proceedings may be instituted only if the elements of a crime, as established by law, are present.

Instituting criminal proceedings means initiating a criminal case, investigating it, and then considering it in court. The procedure for the investigation and court hearing of a criminal case is regulated by the norms of criminal procedural law. The execution of a court’s guilty verdict—the actual realization of criminal liability—is governed by the norms of corrective labor law.

Criminal liability ceases when the convicted person has served his punishment. All criminal legal consequences of criminal liability are removed after the criminal record is canceled or cleared.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
This additional legal knowledge allows a forensic accountant to understand the concepts of civil liability, criminal liability as well as investigation and court procedures.
Two prominent lawyers on Sunday backed up the Supreme Court (SC) ruling that clears government officials of liability, criminal or administrative, for signing contracts which later on turned out to be irregular or deficient.
To avoid fines, unknown liability, criminal charges, jail time, and even felony charges, it's in the best interest of employers to comply with all workers' compensation laws implemented in the states in which they run their businesses.
Subsequent chapters treat areas such as regulation of devices and drugs, healthcare information systems, and payment systems, as well as tort liability, criminal and civil penalties, antitrust, and intellectual property issues.
It also covers collective punishment, hostage-taking, belligerent reprisals, liability for the acts of others under international criminal law, joint criminal enterprise liability, criminal organizations, and superior responsibility.
Brief case studies summarize the factual background and clinical findings presented during court cases involving DUI, false positive blood alcohol, drug interaction, breath alcohol measurement, bartender liability, criminal homicide, chemical injury, and workers' compensation.