Liberius


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Liberius

(lībēr`ēəs), d. 366, pope (352–66), a Roman; successor of St. Julius I. At the beginning of his pontificate, the status of AthanasiusAthanasius, Saint
, c.297–373, patriarch of Alexandria (328–73), Doctor of the Church, great champion of orthodoxy during the Arian crisis of the 4th cent. (see Arianism).
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 was still disputed, and Liberius requested Emperor Constantius IIConstantius II,
317–61, Roman emperor, son of Constantine I. When the empire was divided (337) at the death of Constantine, Constantius II was given rule over Asia Minor, Syria, and Egypt, while his brothers, Constans I and Constantine II, received other portions.
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 to call the Council of Arles (353). Subdued by imperial favor toward ArianismArianism
, Christian heresy founded by Arius in the 4th cent. It was one of the most widespread and divisive heresies in the history of Christianity. As a priest in Alexandria, Arius taught (c.
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, the papal legates signed against Athanasius, but Liberius refused to be coerced or bribed. He was banished to Thrace by Constantius, who set up an antipope, FelixFelix,
Roman deacon, antipope (355–56). Emperor Constantius II, an Arian, set him up to replace Liberius. He is wrongly known as Felix II.
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. In 358, Liberius was permitted to return to Rome after signing a vaguely worded creed and repudiating communion with Athanasius. Felix was forced to retire. After Constantius died, Liberius openly avowed his orthodox position and reasserted the primacy of Rome as arbiter in matters of faith.
References in classic literature ?
And therefore, when great ones in their own particular motion, move violently, and, as Tacitus expresseth it well, liberius quam ut imperantium meminissent; it is a sign the orbs are out of frame.
Me refiero a Casa de Lebrena, toponimo cuyo segundo elemento ha sido derivado de Liber y de Liberius (19), pero que puede ser tambien suficientemente relacionado con un miembro de la familia a la que pertenecia Laberius Firmanus (CIL II, 1130), cuyo nomen permite proponer la evolucion (villa) *Laberiena > *Leberiena > *Leberena > Lebrena.
Peter O'Toole plays palace orator Gallus while Steven Berkoff is Liberius, Joss Ackland plays Rufus and Edward Fox takes on the role of Emperor Constantine.
We reiterate that it is doubtful whether the three patristic examples of Popes Liberius, Vigilius and Honorius are cases of heresy.
Saint Marcellinus (296-304), Liberius (352-366), and John XVIII (1004-1009) all resigned.
Some historians believe that Pope Macellinus (308) and Pope Liberius (366) also abdicated, and Pope John XVIII (1009) is believed to have stepped down and retired to a monastery.
No limitarse a la racionalidad, hablar "con mas ornato y digresiones que lo que exigia la pura verdad" (ornatius aut liberius quam simplex ratio ueritatis) (De or.
Nihil iam in istam mulierem dico; sed, si esset aliqua dissimilis istius, quae se omnibus pervolgaret, quae haberet palam decretum semper aliquem, cuius in hortos, domum, Baias iur suo libidines et parsimoniam patrum suis sumptibus sustentaret; sed vidua libere, proterva petulanter, dives effuse, libidinosa meretricio more viveret, adulterum ego putarem, si quis hanc paulo liberius salutasset?
5) "After supper they took a walk and when bedtime came, Liberius and Angelica retired to their chamber, where Sylvia having helped her lady to undress and wished them a good night, she also retired to her own and slept soundly, having little regard or so much as thought of what had been told her by Liberius and Angelica".
Eusebius of Vercelli numbered among this group, whose members also included Athanasius of Alexandria, Hilary of Poitiers, Liberius of Rome, Lucifer of Cagliari, and Dionysius of Milan.
113v: "At nihil est, Pallas, quod minus metuam quam me vobiscum viris optimis et clarissimis exulem fore, et id non modo quod sapiens ubiubi est, vel in patria est vel liber, quam ut orationis gladios in nefarrios quosdam patriae parricidas liberius distringam, quod quamdiu sic sum Florentiae, facere non licet, ita omnia pressa video teterrimo iugo servitutis, qua quidem ipsa de re quia te cras dicturum accipio, cum primum illuxerit, ad vos ibo.
In 354, Pope Liberius ordered that December 25 be celebrated.