Library Catalog


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Library Catalog

 

a list of the published works held by a library. Library catalogs serve to indicate a library’s holdings, to help readers select books, and to guide reading in accordance with the ideological-political and cultural-educational aims of the library. The great range of subjects treated in published works, the diversity of the publications making up a library’s holdings, and the varied needs of readers necessitate the creation of a complex system of catalogs differing in purpose and structure. The compilation of various types of catalogs is the subject of the science of cataloging. The elaboration of the theoretical and methodological questions of compiling catalogs is one of the basic tasks of library science.

According to their purpose, catalogs are divided into readers’ catalogs, for general reference, and staff catalogs, which also include rarely used and obsolete works. According to the grouping of the material, there are systematic, subject, alphabetical, and numerical catalogs. Systematic catalogs group entries for published works by sections of the various branches of knowledge, following the classification system used in the library. Subject catalogs are descriptions of holdings arranged not in terms of branches of knowledge but rather according to the alphabetical order of the subjects (phenomena, concepts, or objects) of the works. The entries for published works in alphabetical catalogs are arranged in alphabetical order by the last name of the author or by title (if a description has been classified by title). Catalogs cover various types of published works, including books, periodicals, maps, musical scores, graphic arts, standards, patents, and certificates of invention. Patents and certificates of invention, in particular, are described in numerical catalogs, in which entries are arranged according to special numbers that have been assigned to the given publications.

Systematic and alphabetical catalogs are required for all Soviet libraries, as well as card indexes of newspaper and journal articles, which are normally compiled according to branch of knowledge. Subject catalogs are used in scientific and special libraries. In republic, krai, and oblast libraries, there are also local press catalogs and catalogs for the literature and various other types of materials relating to the given republic, krai, or oblast, known as local-lore catalogs.

In large libraries, besides main catalogs, giving the holdings of the entire library, catalogs of the holdings of the library’s various divisions may be compiled. If a library has branches, it is often necessary to have a central catalog—a unified catalog of the holdings of the library and all its branches. Joint catalogs, which have become especially important with the broadening of libraries’ functions as sources of bibliographical information and the development of interlibrary loans, describe the holdings of several independent libraries and are often compiled on the basis of territorial subdivisions or branches of knowledge. Catalogs of recommended literature for various types of libraries, such as district, rural, or children’s libraries, are called model catalogs.

Catalogs may be kept in the form of card files, books, or loose-leaf notebooks with easily inserted pages. Card catalogs, which facilitate prompt changes and additions, are used most widely. Printed catalogs have the advantage of being easy to read and usable outside the library, which makes them particularly convenient as model or joint catalogs.

Z. N. AMBARTSUMIAN

References in periodicals archive ?
Dempsey (OCLC) provides the final chapter, a fine thought piece about the place of the library catalog.
The library catalog as a discovery and access tool for ebooks still needs improvement.
She argues for the need for a more integrative approach to bibliographic models and discusses the concept of the oworko in library cataloging theory and how it has evolved; the history of data models and library data models; the evolution of library catalog technology; the new FRBR bibliographic model and the technical and social goals of the FRBR Study Group; FRBR entities; issues that arise in FRBR; and FRBR compared to semantic web vocabularies that are variants of the multi-entity bibliographic model that FRBR introduced.
Concepts cover what your users want, designing the catalog for the end user, making the mobile library catalog, and enabling your catalog for the semantic web.
The goals of this component are to ensure that students knew how to properly read citations, use the UCLA Library catalog to find known items in a bibliography, and learn certain clues in the citations for preliminary evaluation of sources.
By subscribing to descriptive information feeds from Syndetic Solutions, Polaris customers can display enhanced content for records in their own library catalog as well as for records retrieved from other Z39.
Now we have a way for our patrons to search our library catalog and databases without having to go to our web site.
Authors Max Berenstein and Demian Katz describe how they collaborated on an app that integrates Villanova University's library catalog with Elsevier's SciVerse platform, permitting users to search the academic library catalog and SciVerse content simultaneously.
Children's search behavior on browsing and keyword online catalogs: The Science Library Catalog Project.
In acknowledgement of that, the sessions tend to combine the specific tools often covered in a course-integrated sessions, such as the library catalog and article databases, but the sessions also focus a great deal on effective search strategies across different types of resources and on evaluating content.
For example, the Ex Libris online public access library catalog system provides access to INFOMINE content, as does the California Digital Library Searchlight system.
over competitors because its VDX system boasts a "richness of features, independence from any one ILS vendor, support for the wide range of library catalog systems used in the consortium's universities, and the ability to interoperate with other systems.

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