Library Cataloging


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Library Cataloging

 

(of published works), the description, classification, and subject indexing of published works and the organization of library catalogs. In Soviet libraries cataloging has been standardized by the use of uniform rules (of which there are two versions, for large and for small libraries) for describing published works and of uniform principles of classification. Centralized cataloging has been organized in order to render cataloging more efficient, to facilitate the work of librarians, and to provide effective and prompt cataloging. Centralized cataloging is accomplished through various means, including publication of bibliographical descriptions, classification indexes, and model catalog cards in books and other publications; printed catalog cards are also issued. In the USSR (in accordance with State Standard 7.4–69), all books intended for public libraries must contain the model of an annotated catalog card. Printed catalog cards are distributed by the all-Union and republic book chambers, and the publishing house Kniga publishes the annotated cards that are prepared by the V. I. Lenin State Library of the USSR. In some republics and oblasts cards are issued by publishing houses and distributed together with the books.

E. R. SUKIASIAN

References in periodicals archive ?
Metadata, library cataloging objectives, record structures, persistent names and addresses for Internet-accessible resources, and the management of diverse metadata schemes are important concerns in building a coherent system of bibliographic access for information seekers.
In this rapidly changing world of resource discovery and retrieval, this article describes evolving means of making documents and document-like objects bibliographically accessible by the library cataloging community and, without attempting to forecast the future, anticipates their future use.
These include: (1) definition of a basic set of data elements known as the Dublin Core, (2) examinations of library cataloging objectives and record structures, (3) proposals for persistent addresses for resources, and (4) support for the idea of a data registry to facilitate interoperability among metadata schemes.
While indexing and library cataloging processes significantly increase the likelihood for effective retrieval where the keys must be supplied rather than extracted from the title page--e.
In addition to issues of establishing a standard set of metadata and converting these data into a MARC formatted record, the library cataloging community is examining its cataloging objectives and principles.
In more than 630 tables of data and related commentary from participating librarians and our analysts, the report gives a broad overview of academic library cataloging practices related to outsourcing, selection and deployment of personnel, salaries, the state of continuing education in cataloging, and much more.

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