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(of published works), the description, classification, and subject indexing of published works and the organization of library catalogs. In Soviet libraries cataloging has been standardized by the use of uniform rules (of which there are two versions, for large and for small libraries) for describing published works and of uniform principles of classification. Centralized cataloging has been organized in order to render cataloging more efficient, to facilitate the work of librarians, and to provide effective and prompt cataloging. Centralized cataloging is accomplished through various means, including publication of bibliographical descriptions, classification indexes, and model catalog cards in books and other publications; printed catalog cards are also issued. In the USSR (in accordance with State Standard 7.4–69), all books intended for public libraries must contain the model of an annotated catalog card. Printed catalog cards are distributed by the all-Union and republic book chambers, and the publishing house Kniga publishes the annotated cards that are prepared by the V. I. Lenin State Library of the USSR. In some republics and oblasts cards are issued by publishing houses and distributed together with the books.
E. R. SUKIASIAN