Library Cataloging


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Library Cataloging

 

(of published works), the description, classification, and subject indexing of published works and the organization of library catalogs. In Soviet libraries cataloging has been standardized by the use of uniform rules (of which there are two versions, for large and for small libraries) for describing published works and of uniform principles of classification. Centralized cataloging has been organized in order to render cataloging more efficient, to facilitate the work of librarians, and to provide effective and prompt cataloging. Centralized cataloging is accomplished through various means, including publication of bibliographical descriptions, classification indexes, and model catalog cards in books and other publications; printed catalog cards are also issued. In the USSR (in accordance with State Standard 7.4–69), all books intended for public libraries must contain the model of an annotated catalog card. Printed catalog cards are distributed by the all-Union and republic book chambers, and the publishing house Kniga publishes the annotated cards that are prepared by the V. I. Lenin State Library of the USSR. In some republics and oblasts cards are issued by publishing houses and distributed together with the books.

E. R. SUKIASIAN

References in periodicals archive ?
While indexing and library cataloging processes significantly increase the likelihood for effective retrieval where the keys must be supplied rather than extracted from the title page--e.
In addition to issues of establishing a standard set of metadata and converting these data into a MARC formatted record, the library cataloging community is examining its cataloging objectives and principles.
Just as other indexing schemes or search engines, library cataloging conceptually is directed toward creating records for resource discovery.
The library cataloging community is understandably cautious in considering this possibility; however, the interplay between surrogates and documents (or objects) may lead to new assumptions for some classes of documents as to the need for all attributes and relationships to be included in the bibliographic record.
An international focus on library cataloging objectives and principles is appropriate because the exchange of cataloging data among libraries is at the heart of worldwide bibliographic control.
The reaffirmation of library cataloging objectives and new means for achieving collocation in the international arena have not eliminated questions of whether library cataloging principles can successfully be applied to digital resources and the Internet environment.
Many in the library cataloging community recognize the need and believe it may be best accomplished in a format other than MARC.

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