Library Collections

Library Collections

 

the published works and other documents collected by libraries for public use and made accessible through a system of catalogs and card files; also, one of the main divisions of library science.

Libraries were the first formed in response to the objective need of human society to accumulate, preserve, and disseminate the information contained in written works. In modern times, each country’s library collections taken as a whole represent the wealth of the country and serve as an indicator of the national level of education and culture. As of 1976, the libraries of the USSR contained 4.2 billion books. The collections of all Soviet libraries are steadily growing, but the increase is particularly rapid in the collections of popular libraries (as opposed to scientific and specialized libraries; see), rural libraries, and libraries in national regions that lacked a library system prior to the October Revolution.

There are three types of library collections—general, subject, and specialized—and these are divided into such categories as books, journals, newspapers, audiovisual materials, pictorial publications, sheet music, phonograph records, maps, and microfilms, depending upon the nature of the collection.

The decree of the Central Committee of the CPSU On Increasing the Role of Libraries in the Communist Upbringing of the Working People and in Scientific and Technological Progress (1974) has contributed to the centralization of the library system and to the consequent creation of large libraries possessing collections that can satisfy the increased demands of readers. A new statewide system of book storage aimed at improving organization and utilization of library collections was put into effect in the USSR in 1975. Under this system, books and publications that are rarely used are being transferred to special book depositories.

REFERENCE

Grigor’ev, Iu. V. Teoreticheskie osnovy formirovaniia bibliotechnykh fondov. Moscow, 1973.
References in periodicals archive ?
An interesting research question that requires study is to what extent are library collections becoming leased (not owned)?
"Students in schools with appropriate and sufficient library collections and qualified library personnel tend to perform better on standardized tests, especially in reading, according to studies of school library programs in Alaska, Colorado and Pennsylvania.
The open atrium acoustically separates this curved form from the main rectilinear block that houses the National Library collections in a flexible framework of levels.
It defines "academic library" as well as discusses library services, library collections, library staff, library expenditures, and electronic services.
Each artist receives a full page photo and a facing page describing training and the evolution of repertoire and direction, making CONTEMPORARY CLAY an outstanding presentation recommended for art library collections.
Practical, insightful, informed and informative, Conquering Your Workplace is very highly recommended reading for employees at all corporate levels, and would make an excellent addition to Business School and Economics Studies supplemental reading lists and reference library collections.
Integrating print and digital resources in library collections.
Flawlessly recorded in wide screen, digital, high definition format with a Dolby stereo sound system, Matchstick Marvels is especially recommended for school and community library collections as a very special exploration of Acton's remarkable creations.
Ideal reading for anyone with an interest in alternative medicine and environmental studies, Medicine For The Earth is a seminal work and a valued addition to personal and community library collections..
On the Ground contains combat sequences, graphic violence, and profanity (I counted over 100 f-bombs) and is recommended for library collections catering to older YAs.
Also very strongly recommended for all dedicated railroad enthusiasts and community library collections is Wayne Erbsen's companion title: "Singing Rails: Railroadin' Songs, Joes & Stories" (188320626X, $5.95).
(2001).The evidence in hand: Report of the Task Force on the Artifact in Library Collections. Washington D.C.: Council on Library and Information Resources.

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