Library Collections

Library Collections

 

the published works and other documents collected by libraries for public use and made accessible through a system of catalogs and card files; also, one of the main divisions of library science.

Libraries were the first formed in response to the objective need of human society to accumulate, preserve, and disseminate the information contained in written works. In modern times, each country’s library collections taken as a whole represent the wealth of the country and serve as an indicator of the national level of education and culture. As of 1976, the libraries of the USSR contained 4.2 billion books. The collections of all Soviet libraries are steadily growing, but the increase is particularly rapid in the collections of popular libraries (as opposed to scientific and specialized libraries; see), rural libraries, and libraries in national regions that lacked a library system prior to the October Revolution.

There are three types of library collections—general, subject, and specialized—and these are divided into such categories as books, journals, newspapers, audiovisual materials, pictorial publications, sheet music, phonograph records, maps, and microfilms, depending upon the nature of the collection.

The decree of the Central Committee of the CPSU On Increasing the Role of Libraries in the Communist Upbringing of the Working People and in Scientific and Technological Progress (1974) has contributed to the centralization of the library system and to the consequent creation of large libraries possessing collections that can satisfy the increased demands of readers. A new statewide system of book storage aimed at improving organization and utilization of library collections was put into effect in the USSR in 1975. Under this system, books and publications that are rarely used are being transferred to special book depositories.

REFERENCE

Grigor’ev, Iu. V. Teoreticheskie osnovy formirovaniia bibliotechnykh fondov. Moscow, 1973.
References in periodicals archive ?
Despite these higher costs, many libraries may choose to digitize stored materials or even to digitize instead of store print materials, but these decisions are made in response to other factors--among them, an interest in creating a digital library and enhancing access to library collections.
Stanford will provide books from its library collections to Google, which will operate scanning facilities and create searchable digital page images.
A welcome and appreciated addition to academic library collections and American Literary Studies supplemental reading lists, Faulkner's Artistic Vision is very highly recommended for its strong message and previously unspoken truths to all students of seminal literary biographical studies.
Deftly written for young readers ages 6 to 9 and very highly recommended for school and community Library collections, "The Life Cycle" is a four volume set that explores the life cycles of ants, bats, sharks, and polar bears.
We begin, however, by considering library collections and bibliographers in their "golden age" from the 1950s through the 1970s.
This outstanding series is very highly recommended, especially for school and community library collections for young readers.
The purpose of the committee, according to Haines (1941), was "to serve as a medium through which the CLA can affirm professional policy regarding individual or organizational attempts to restrict library service to readers by censorship of library collections or by the suppression of particular books" (p.
With Questia, school districts can affordably supplement and grow their current library collections for a fraction of the cost, while giving every student access to a first-rate, 24-hour academic library and 21st century research tools.
An excellent, very basic primer, Frog Hunt is highly recommended reading and a popular addition to both school and community library collections.
Accordingly, teachers were introduced to the technology, to the online library collections, and to model lesson plans that had been built around selected texts.
Questia's service enables secondary schools to supplement their current library collections without the purchase and storage costs associated with physical books.

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