Libreville


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Libreville

(lēbrəvēl`), city (1993 est. pop. 362,400), capital of Gabon, a port on the Gabon River estuary, near the Gulf of Guinea. Primarily an administrative center, it is also a trade center for a lumbering region. The city was founded in 1843 as a French trading station. Freed slaves were sent there, and in 1848 it was named Libreville [Fr.,=freetown]. It was the chief port of French Equatorial Africa before the development (1934–46) of Pointe-NoirePointe-Noire
, city (1984 pop. 294,203), SW Republic of the Congo, Africa, a port on the Atlantic Ocean. Offshore oil drilling and oil refining are the city's most important economic activities. The port exports oil, tropical timber, cotton, palm products, peanuts, and coffee.
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, in the Congo. Gabon's school of administration and school of law are in Libreville. An international airport is nearby.

Libreville

 

capital of Gabon and political, industrial, and cultural center of the country. Situated on the Gulf of Guinea of the Atlantic Ocean, in the Gabon estuary. The climate is equatorial; the average temperature during the coldest month (July) is 24°C and during the warmest month (April) it is 27°C. Annual precipitation totals 2,648 mm. Population, approximately 80,000 (1972; 15,000 in 1950).

The city is administered by an elected municipal council headed by a mayor who is also elected.

Libreville was founded in 1849 near the site where the French fleet established an anchorage in the estuary of the Gabon River in 1843. At the end of the 19th century it became the main base for French expansion in Gabon and the center of French expansion in Gabon and the center of French trade in the colony. During World War II (1939–45) Libreville was occupied by military units of the Free French (from November 1940) and by British forces and was one of the centers of armed struggle against the Vichy regime. In 1960, Libreville became the capital of the independent Gabonese Republic.

Libreville is a seaport handling half a million tons of freight a year (1971); it exports valuable tropical lumber. It has an airport of international importance. There are enterprises of the food industry, including a brewery and a flour mill, and tobacco, textile (cotton printing), clothing, sawmilling, plywood, and metalworking industries. The city has shipyards and a steam power plant. In Owendo, near Libreville, there is a cement plant that grinds imported clinker, and a deepwater port is under construction (1973).

Libreville is the site of a research bureau for geology and mining. It also has several branches of French scientific research institutes and centers for agriculture, the biological sciences, and several of the humanities.

Libreville

the capital of Gabon, in the west on the estuary of the Gabon River: founded as a French trading post in 1843 and expanded with the settlement of freed slaves in 1848. Pop.: 649 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Cette meme source a assure que le president de l'alliance Seleka, Michel Djotodia, son porte-parole, Eric Massi, ainsi que le colonel Djouma Narkoyo et sept autres personnes etaient attendus a Libreville.
Owendo et Libreville L'etape de l'arrivee va se produire entre deux villes voisines du Gabon : Owendo et Libreville.
Un seminaire de formation destine aux eleveurs gabonais et axe sur le theme A s'est acheve a Libreville, a la Zone industrielle d'Oloumi de Libreville, a-t-on constate sur place ce samedi aupres des organisateurs.
National flag carrier will operate three weekly flights to Pointe-Noire with a connection in Libreville.
LIBREVILLE:Customs officers have seized a major haul of kevazingo, a precious wood whose exploitation is banned in Gabon where it is considered sacred, a report said Wednesday.About 1,000 cubic metres of the rare hardwood or 30 large container-loads were confiscated along with other wood in a warehouse at the Owendo timber port on the Libreville peninsula last week, campaigning group Conservation Justice reported.
Libreville: A player in the Gabonese first division, Herman Tsinga, has died after collapsing during a game in Libreville, local media reported on Monday.