Libreville


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Libreville

(lēbrəvēl`), city (1993 est. pop. 362,400), capital of Gabon, a port on the Gabon River estuary, near the Gulf of Guinea. Primarily an administrative center, it is also a trade center for a lumbering region. The city was founded in 1843 as a French trading station. Freed slaves were sent there, and in 1848 it was named Libreville [Fr.,=freetown]. It was the chief port of French Equatorial Africa before the development (1934–46) of Pointe-NoirePointe-Noire
, city (1984 pop. 294,203), SW Republic of the Congo, Africa, a port on the Atlantic Ocean. Offshore oil drilling and oil refining are the city's most important economic activities. The port exports oil, tropical timber, cotton, palm products, peanuts, and coffee.
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, in the Congo. Gabon's school of administration and school of law are in Libreville. An international airport is nearby.

Libreville

 

capital of Gabon and political, industrial, and cultural center of the country. Situated on the Gulf of Guinea of the Atlantic Ocean, in the Gabon estuary. The climate is equatorial; the average temperature during the coldest month (July) is 24°C and during the warmest month (April) it is 27°C. Annual precipitation totals 2,648 mm. Population, approximately 80,000 (1972; 15,000 in 1950).

The city is administered by an elected municipal council headed by a mayor who is also elected.

Libreville was founded in 1849 near the site where the French fleet established an anchorage in the estuary of the Gabon River in 1843. At the end of the 19th century it became the main base for French expansion in Gabon and the center of French expansion in Gabon and the center of French trade in the colony. During World War II (1939–45) Libreville was occupied by military units of the Free French (from November 1940) and by British forces and was one of the centers of armed struggle against the Vichy regime. In 1960, Libreville became the capital of the independent Gabonese Republic.

Libreville is a seaport handling half a million tons of freight a year (1971); it exports valuable tropical lumber. It has an airport of international importance. There are enterprises of the food industry, including a brewery and a flour mill, and tobacco, textile (cotton printing), clothing, sawmilling, plywood, and metalworking industries. The city has shipyards and a steam power plant. In Owendo, near Libreville, there is a cement plant that grinds imported clinker, and a deepwater port is under construction (1973).

Libreville is the site of a research bureau for geology and mining. It also has several branches of French scientific research institutes and centers for agriculture, the biological sciences, and several of the humanities.

Libreville

the capital of Gabon, in the west on the estuary of the Gabon River: founded as a French trading post in 1843 and expanded with the settlement of freed slaves in 1848. Pop.: 649 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Au programme de la premiere journee a Libreville une seance d'entrainement) 18h00 a la salle de l'armee, situee a dix minutes du lieu de residence du sept tunisien.
The history of Libreville is based on gendered patterns of mobility, labour and agency, like many other imperial and colonial cities, as the era of timber exploitation marshalled economic opportunities and losses, migration, social dislocation and the consolidation of lives.
Television stations, supermarkets, shops, and homes were looted in Libreville Wednesday and Thursday and unrest also broke out in other cities and in rural areas.
It represents a real opportunity for Gabon: "The Gabonese government has decided to combine these two international events in order to take advantage of the presence of the hundreds of economic and political decision makers who will be on site in Libreville for several days of discussions and debates", an official told African Business.
When REA Management Officer Buck Jardine arrived in Libreville in early August, he doubled the number of American officers in the management section, as three of the four positions were vacant.
Ces echanges vont se derouler a la Chambre de commerce et de l'industrie (CCI) de Libreville.
Morocco, which has long had strong ties with Libreville, is one of the largest African investors in the oil-rich central African country, present in the telecoms, banking, mining and shipping sectors.
Study participants were enrolled at 3 health care centers in Libreville and at the regional hospitals in the other towns; all patients who visited these health centers for ILI were systematically sampled.
SM le Roi Mohammed VI est arrive lundi apres-midi a Libreville pour une visite officielle en Republique gabonaise, derniere etape d'une tournee africaine du Souverain.
On Sunday, French President Francois Hollande appealed to all the parties in the CAR "for calm and for dialogue" in light of the Libreville accord.
We call on President Bozize and the leadership of the Seleka alliance to cease hostilities immediately, and implement the provisions of the Libreville Agreement," Nuland said in a statement released by the department.
com)-- RELYANT LLC a Maryville, TN firm has secured a $200M contract to provide construction services in Libreville, Gabon a West African nation.