Libreville

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Libreville

(lēbrəvēl`), city (1993 est. pop. 362,400), capital of Gabon, a port on the Gabon River estuary, near the Gulf of Guinea. Primarily an administrative center, it is also a trade center for a lumbering region. The city was founded in 1843 as a French trading station. Freed slaves were sent there, and in 1848 it was named Libreville [Fr.,=freetown]. It was the chief port of French Equatorial Africa before the development (1934–46) of Pointe-NoirePointe-Noire
, city (1984 pop. 294,203), SW Republic of the Congo, Africa, a port on the Atlantic Ocean. Offshore oil drilling and oil refining are the city's most important economic activities. The port exports oil, tropical timber, cotton, palm products, peanuts, and coffee.
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, in the Congo. Gabon's school of administration and school of law are in Libreville. An international airport is nearby.

Libreville

 

capital of Gabon and political, industrial, and cultural center of the country. Situated on the Gulf of Guinea of the Atlantic Ocean, in the Gabon estuary. The climate is equatorial; the average temperature during the coldest month (July) is 24°C and during the warmest month (April) it is 27°C. Annual precipitation totals 2,648 mm. Population, approximately 80,000 (1972; 15,000 in 1950).

The city is administered by an elected municipal council headed by a mayor who is also elected.

Libreville was founded in 1849 near the site where the French fleet established an anchorage in the estuary of the Gabon River in 1843. At the end of the 19th century it became the main base for French expansion in Gabon and the center of French expansion in Gabon and the center of French trade in the colony. During World War II (1939–45) Libreville was occupied by military units of the Free French (from November 1940) and by British forces and was one of the centers of armed struggle against the Vichy regime. In 1960, Libreville became the capital of the independent Gabonese Republic.

Libreville is a seaport handling half a million tons of freight a year (1971); it exports valuable tropical lumber. It has an airport of international importance. There are enterprises of the food industry, including a brewery and a flour mill, and tobacco, textile (cotton printing), clothing, sawmilling, plywood, and metalworking industries. The city has shipyards and a steam power plant. In Owendo, near Libreville, there is a cement plant that grinds imported clinker, and a deepwater port is under construction (1973).

Libreville is the site of a research bureau for geology and mining. It also has several branches of French scientific research institutes and centers for agriculture, the biological sciences, and several of the humanities.

Libreville

the capital of Gabon, in the west on the estuary of the Gabon River: founded as a French trading post in 1843 and expanded with the settlement of freed slaves in 1848. Pop.: 649 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Rachel Jean-Baptiste's compelling book is an intricate tale of women, their husbands, their lovers, local chiefs, elite Gabonese men and colonial administrators in Libreville, Gabon, during the French colonial era, from the mid-nineteenth century to 1960.
(NASDAQ: SATS) subsidiary Hughes Network Systems, LLC (HUGHES) said that Internet service provider IG Telecom, headquartered in Libreville, Gabon, has chosen the Hughes HN broadband satellite solution to expand its services throughout the Central African nation and surrounding countries.
In 2009, we published an article in RHM comparing the delay in providing care to women who died in the Centre Hospitalier de Libreville (CHL), the main maternity hospital of Libreville, Gabon, according to the cause of death.
Ceiba currently offers scheduled service from Bata and Malabo in Equatorial Guinea to several cities in West and Central Africa, including Accra, Ghana; Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire, Brazzaville, Congo; Douala, Cameroun; Libreville, Gabon; Cotonou, Benin; and Lome, Togo.
Officials at OIC said a meeting of information ministers of the member states in April this year in Libreville, Gabon embraced the idea.
Confederation of African Football (CAF) president Issa Hayatou, left, receives South Sudan's national flag from its federation president Oliver Benjamin, right, during the CAF General Assembly in Libreville, Gabon, Friday Feb.
The company is opening a 250-room Marriott Hotels and Resorts brand hotel, and a 40-unit Marriott Executive Apartments extended stay hotel in Libreville, Gabon, in 2015.
The 16-team competition will see a new African champion crowned on February 12, when the final is held in Libreville, Gabon.
LIBREVILLE, Mar 25, 2011 (TUR) -- Turkish President Abdullah Gul visited international Turkish school in Libreville, Gabon on Friday.
Meeting in Libreville, Gabon, from 13 to 17 September, to develop a common position for Africa before the United Nations General Assembly's special session on biodiversity and the Nagoya biodiversity summit, representatives from 36 African countries drew up a series of commitments for preserving the biodiversity of their continent, which is particularly at risk.
Indeed for the first time, the list of the world's most expensive cities includes three in Africa with Luanda in first place, Ndjamena, Chad, third, and Libreville, Gabon, seventh.