Libyan Desert


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Libyan Desert,

northeast part of the Sahara Desert, NE Africa, in SW Egypt, E Libya, and NW Sudan; called the Western Desert in Egypt. It is a region of sand dunes, stony plains, and rocky plateaus. There are few inhabitants and little traffic across it. Al Kufrah, Libya, is the chief oasis.

Libyan Desert

 

a desert in Africa, in the northeastern part of the Sahara, west of the Nile River. It lies within eastern Libya, western Egypt, and the northern part of the Sudan, covering an area of about 2 million sq km. The northern part of the desert is low-lying and covered by sand dunes up to 300 m in height. In the northeast there are deep tectonic depressions: Qattara (133 m below sea level), Siwa, and Faiyum. The southern part is a rocky and sandy plateau 400–500 m in elevation with outlier massifs rising to 1,934 m (al-Uwaynat). Most of the area has a tropical, desert climate; in the north the climate is Mediterranean and semidesert. The mean January temperature is 12°-18°C, and July temperatures average 28°-35°C. Daily temperature fluctuations reach 15°-16°C. Annual precipitation totals less than 25 mm, although the northern part may receive 50–100 mm. Sometimes there is no rainfall for several years. The Libyan Desert has almost no dry water-courses (wadis). The sparse vegetation consists of desert acacia, tamarisk, and wormwood. Oases occur where the groundwater rises to the surface. The largest oases are Siwa, Bahariya, Faiyum, Dakhla, Kharga, al-Kufrah, and Farafra. Most of the population is concentrated in the oases and the chief occupations are farming (date palms, peaches and apricots, and cereals) and livestock raising. The Faiyum and Kharga oases are connected by rail with the Nile Valley. There is an iron ore deposit in Bahariya.

Libyan Desert

a desert in N Africa, in E Libya, W Egypt, and the NW Sudan: the NE part of the Sahara
References in periodicals archive ?
It is a cold night in December 1941 on an airfield in the Libyan desert.
The Islamic Republic may have provided Libya with artillery shells recently found in the Libyan desert stuffed with mustard gas, The Washington Post reported Monday.
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COLONEL Gaddafi's favourite son and former heir has been captured in the Libyan desert.
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As recently as last month, international researchers found an unguarded weapons site with thousands of crates of rocket-propelled grenades and anti-aircraft rounds in the Libyan desert.
As recently as last month, Human Rights Watch researchers found an unguarded weapons site with thousands of crates of rocket-propelled grenades and anti-aircraft rounds in the Libyan Desert.
Unfortunately, Bin Laden took his secrets with him to the ocean floor, and Gadaffi buried it in the sands of the vast Libyan desert, while their ex-partners continue to rule the world.
Gaddafi, his son Mussatim, and his Defense Minister, Abu Bakr Younis, were buried on Tuesday in unmarked graves somewhere in the Libyan desert.
Bani Walid, Gaddafi's hometown of Sirte and the loyalist town of Sabha, deep in the Libyan desert, have been mentioned.
Attacks by Muammar Gaddafi's forces on water engineers deep in the Libyan desert have caused a widespread water shortage in the capital, Tripoli, according to a rebel official.
Their war was to take them first to Palestine, then under British control, and later to the Libyan desert in the early stages of a long campaign that was eventually to see the Germans and Italians chased out of North Africa in the aftermath of El Alamein.