Lichenology

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lichenology

[‚lī·kə′näl·ə·jē]
(botany)
The study of lichens.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Lichenology

 

the science of lichens; a branch of botany.

The first mention of lichens is found in Theophrastus (fourth to third centuries B.C.). Until the end of the 18th century, lichenological works mostly bore the character of floristic catalogs. The founder of lichenology as such was the Swedish botanist E. Acharius (1757–1819). The works of the German botanists G. Meyer and F. Walroth on the anatomical structure, nutrition, and reproduction of lichens were published in the 1820’s. Walroth established two types of lichen structure: homoeomerous and heteromerous. The Russian botanists A. S. Famintsyn and O. V. Baranetskii identified green cells in a lichen incorporating the free-living alga Trebouxia. In 1867–69, the German botanist S. Schwendener showed that the lichen is a compound organism consisting of a fungus and an alga.

At the beginning of the 20th century, the Austrian lichenologist A. Zahlbruckner developed a system that is still accepted; in the 1920’s and 1930’s, he compiled a summary of the lichens known throughout the world. Cytological, physiological, and biochemical research on lichens intensified in Russia at the end of the 19th century; the geography of lichens became a subject of great interest in the USSR in the 1920’s. The works of A. A. Elenkin, A. N. Danilov, V. P. Savich, K. S. Merezhkovskii, and M. P. Tomin deal with the interrelationships of fungi and algae and with the ecology and geography of lichens.

A. N. OKSNER

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
As evident in these studies of lichen initiation and gene activity, the fungus seems the more aggressive, says lichenologist and ecologist Robert Lucking of the Field Museum in Chicago.
At least as many probably still await discovery, says Thorsten Lumbsch, a lichenologist at the Field Museum in Chicago.
Chat with a lichenologist, though, and you'll find plenty about these underappreciated growths to like, if not love!
Our findings were also compared with those of lichenologists who studied the epiphytic lichens of Quercus suber in Kroumirie, Tunisia, which borders our study region.
Upon completion of this work, we would like to thank Dr Claude Roux, retired lichenologist CNRS, Laboratory of Mediterranean Botany and Ecology, Mediterranean Institute of Ecology and Paleoecology, Faculty of Science and Technology of Saint-Jerome, Marseille, for introducing me to the techniques for identifying lichens.
Lichenologists had wondered whether what a casual observer would point to as one lichen actually includes genetically different fungi.
European lichenologists, with more exposure to socialist influences, "tend to like cooperation," she teases.
In 1952, lichenologist Alexander Evans named a new species, C.
Morse recalls giving a driving tour to a visiting lichenologist who specialized in a species known to grow on pine trees in just a few states.