Lichfield


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Lichfield,

town (1991 pop. 25,408) and district, Staffordshire, W central England. Lichfield is a market town with light industries, famous for its three-spired cathedral and its close associations with Dr. Samuel JohnsonJohnson, Samuel,
1709–84, English author, b. Lichfield. The leading literary scholar and critic of his time, Johnson helped to shape and define the Augustan Age. He was equally celebrated for his brilliant and witty conversation.
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, who was born there in 1709. The cathedral, dating from the 13th and 14th cent., replaced the original church built by St. Chad, who founded it in the 7th cent. It suffered considerable damage at the hands of the parliamentary forces during the English civil warEnglish civil war,
1642–48, the conflict between King Charles I of England and a large body of his subjects, generally called the "parliamentarians," that culminated in the defeat and execution of the king and the establishment of a republican commonwealth.
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 and was not completely restored until the 19th cent. Johnson's house was turned into a museum that contains relics of his life and works, and a statue of him rests in the market square. Lichfield has a very old grammar school (founded 1497). In the 18th cent., a literary circle that included Erasmus Darwin, Thomas Day, and Anna Seward was known as the Lichfield group.
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Lichfield

a city in central England, in SE Staffordshire: cathedral with three spires (13th-14th century); birthplace of Samuel Johnson, during whose lifetime the Lichfield Group (a literary circle) flourished. Pop.: 28 435 (2001)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Lichfield Arts and Lichfield Jazz will present a pre-season friendly jam session at the Cathedral Hotel, Beacon Street on Wednesday, September 18 at 8pm.
The guides will start leading groups on tours of the historic city of Lichfield, offering tours on a range of themes, including the Civil War, local historic figures, ghost walks and more.
BALLET CYMRU - CINDERELLA Friday, July 6, 7pm, Lichfield Garrick Theatre Returning to Lichfield for the third successive year, Ballet Cymru's Cinderella teams the finest classical dance with circus elements and a new musical score to conjure a surprising world of wonder and magic.
Lichfield is often referred to as "the heritage centre" of Staffordshire because of its long history and as the birthplace of Dr Samuel Johnson, the writer of the first authoritative Dictionary of the English Language.
A Royalist stronghold during the English Civil War, Lichfield was under constant bombardment from Parliamentarian forces and in 1646 the central spire of its famous three-spire cathedral collapsed.
Sir - i have had an interest in the origin of the "Lichfield Gospels" for a long time and the article on June 25 which quoted the dean of Lichfield as saying the similarity of the colours of the remnants of paint found on their newly discovered "Angel" and the colours used in the transcription of the Gospels, "proves the gospels were commissioned as part of the shrine to St Chad" is clearly a nonsense.
TRIBUTES were paid yesterday to Lord Lichfield, one of Britain's best-known photographers, who died after suffering a stroke.
ROYAL photographer Lord Lichfield was seriously ill in hospital last night after suffering a stroke.
Royal photographer Lord Lichfield has died at the age of 66 after suffering a major stroke.
LORD LICHFIELD today remained seriously ill in hospital after suffering a stroke.
The Rev Peter Lister, a former director of education of the Newcastle Diocese and, since 1995, the Diocese of Lichfield's director of education, is due before magistrates in Bedlington, Northumberland, on Tuesday.