Roy Lichtenstein

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Lichtenstein, Roy

(lĭk`tənstīn'), 1923–97, American painter, b. New York City. A master of pop artpop art,
movement that restored realism to avant-garde art; it first emerged in Great Britain at the end of the 1950s as a reaction against the seriousness of abstract expressionism.
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, Lichtenstein derived his subject matter from popular sources such as comic strips, the imagery of which he used until the early 1970s. His paintings reflect modern typographic and printing techniques such as Ben-Day dots and make innovative use of commonplace imagery. Among Lichtenstein's sophisticated and ironic works are Flatten … sandfleas (1962; Mus. of Modern Art, New York City) and Preparedness (1968; Guggenheim Mus.). His works of the 1970s and 80s largely consist of ironic reinterpretatons of cubist still lives and of other well-known paintings by famous painters. His paintings of the 1980s and 90s, which often include both real and simulated brush strokes, are typified by the large canvas Figures in a Landscape (1986). Liechtenstein is also noted for his brightly colored Pop graphics.


See studies by E. Sussman (1978), L. Alloway (1983), and B. Rose (1987); catalogue raisonné of his prints ed. by M. L. Corlett and R. E. Fine (2002).

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Lichtenstein, Roy

(1923–  ) painter, sculptor; born in New York City. He studied at the Art Students League under Reginald Marsh (1940), and became a leader of the New York City based pop art movement, which used objects and images from mass culture and advertising. Based in New York City, he adapted painting techniques from comic strips, commercial printing, stenciling, and projected images. His decorative and witty canvases, such as Whaam! (1963), and Big Painting VI (1965) brought him fame. During the 1960s he produced elegant sculptures that revived the forms of the 1930s, as seen in Modern Sculpture with Glass Wave (1967).
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.