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(līsĭn`ēəs), Roman plebeian gens, of which several men were noteworthy. Caius Licinius Calvus Stolo, fl. 375 B.C., was tribune of the people with Lucius Sextius. Roman historians attributed to him a number of laws, but most of these were probably made at later dates. These laws, the Licinian Rogations, provided a strict limitation on the amount of public land that one person might hold and on the number of livestock that one could graze on the public land. They included also a strict regulation of the collection of debts, and, most significant politically, they ordained that one consul must be a plebeian. It is said that Licinius Stolo was later fined for violating his own law on the possession of public land. Caius Licinius Macer, d. 66 B.C., orator and historian, committed suicide after his conviction by Cicero under the law against bribery and extortion. His son, Caius Licinius Macer Calvus, 82 B.C.–c.47 B.C., poet and orator, was considered the peer of Catullus by the ancients. Only short fragments of his works remain. See also CrassusCrassus
, ancient Roman family, of the plebeian Licinian gens. It produced men who achieved great note in the 2d cent. and 1st cent. B.C.

One of the well-known members was Lucius Licinius Crassus, d. 91 B.C., a noted orator and lawyer (much admired by Cicero).
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250–325, Roman emperor. He became coemperor with Galerius, being given the rule of Illyricum (308); after the death of Galerius he added Greece and Thrace to his territories. He allied himself with Constantine I and defeated Maximin in 313, thus becoming sole ruler in the East. He subsequently quarreled with Constantine, who defeated him (314) and forced him to cede all his European territories except for Thrace. War was resumed in 324, and Constantine defeated Licinius at Adrianople and Chrysopolis. Licinius was imprisoned and eventually put to death.
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Maximin had persecuted the Christians even after the Edict of Galerius (311) and only gave way to the Christians when he was "smitten by the divine justice" after his defeat by Licinius in 313.
At the Council of Nicaea, for example, it was decreed that those whose apostasy during the tyranny of Emperor Licinius was not mitigated by physical or material threat, and who subsequently sought readmission to the Church, were to be "dealt with mercifully.
Licinius Valens a servi dans cette unite au IIe siecle, d'apres l'onomastique et le formulaire de l'inscription ; il a fait graver une dedicace a Mars auguste.
A letter to Lollianus Avitus, recommending another of the contubernales in glowing terms, complains that the Romans do not even have a word for Licinius Montanus's most outstanding characteristic.
Licinius Crassus Damasippus, the son of a senator who was killed fighting in Africa under Metellus Scipio; see also Treggiari 1973:260.
Licinius Lucullus, and by then notorious for its luxury (Plut.
Licinius Archias, a Greek poet whose eligibility for Roman citizenship was challenged in 62 BCE.
Paul, bishop of Neo-Caesarea, a fortress situated on the banks of the Euphrates, had suffered from the frantic rage of Licinius.
The most capable orator within the above group, in Cicero's point of view, before himself was Lucius Licinius Crassus (140-91 BC).
They provide useful historical background on the careers of Cato the Elder, Marcus Antonius, and Lucius Licinius Crassus, indicating their contributions to early oratorical practice.
Here the defeat of Licinius created a revolutionary situation similar to that created in Iran in 1979 by the fall of the Shah and the return of the Ayatollah Khomeini in which a modern secular society was transformed into a theocratic Islamic state.