Marcus Licinius Crassus

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Crassus, Marcus Licinius

 

Born circa 115 B.C. in Rome (?); died in 53 B.C. in Carrhae. Roman politician and military leader.

In the civil war between Sulla and the “Marian” party in 83 and 82, Crassus was on the side of Sulla. During the proscriptions of Sulla, Crassus grew rich on the executions and confiscations. Wealth, greed, and unscrupulousness gave him a bad name. In 72 the Senate gave Crassus extraordinary powers to suppress the Spartacus rebellion. He crushed the rebels' main forces in Apulia in 71 and completed the campaign together with Pompey, who arrived from Spain. The consulship of Crassus and Pompey (his rival from the times of Sulla) was marked by the abolition of a number of changes introduced by Sulla; for example, the power of the tribunes and the office of censor were restored. In 65, Crassus was made a censor. Apparently, he had links with Catiline. In 60, after reconciling Crassus and Pompey, Caesar entered into a secret agreement with them. This first triumvirate virtually ruled the state. In 55, Crassus was made consul (again jointly with Pompey). At the same time he was given command over the province of Syria and went there in the hope of defeating the Parthians. However, the Roman Army was crushed by the Parthians, and Crassus himself died along with a large number of his troops.

V. M. SMIRIN

References in periodicals archive ?
the Roman general and politician Marcus Licinius Crassus defeated a slave uprising led by one Spartacus, a gladiator from Capua near Naples.
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The first was Marcus Licinius Crassus, the grandson of the triumvir Marcus Licinius Crassus, who joined Antonius in around 36 BC, but ultimately deserted him and joined Octavian instead.
Marcus Licinius Crassus was, alongside Julius Caesar and Pompey the Great was one of the three most powerful people in the world and one of the richest men in history.
Academics talk of the First Triumvirate that brought together Julius Caesar, Pompey the Great and Marcus Licinius Crassus. It fell apart after Crassus died and the other two triumvirs fought a civil war, during which Pompey was killed and Caesar established his famous sole rule.
(7) Searching for discussion of Spartacus in Plutarch's Lives of the Noble Romans and in Appian's History of the Servile War, Fast found him mentioned almost as an aside in the story of the victorious Roman General Marcus Licinius Crassus. Even so, the memory of Spartacus has been powerful for centuries, and in the early twentieth century Spartacus was invoked, by European socialists such as Rosa Luxemburg, as a heroic worker who fought the exploitation of capital and empire.
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