Lick Observatory

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Lick Observatory,

astronomical observatoryobservatory,
scientific facility especially equipped to detect and record naturally occurring scientific phenomena. Although geological and meteorological observatories exist, the term is generally applied to astronomical observatories.
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 located on Mt. Hamilton, Calif., near San Jose; the first mountaintop observatory in the world, it was founded through gifts made by James Lick in 1874–75 and came under the direction of the Univ. of California in 1888; it is now run by the Univ. of California Observatories. The original telescopes at the observatory were a 12-in. (30.4-cm) refracting telescope (1881, since decommissioned) and a 36-in. (91.4-cm) refracting telescope (1888), second largest in the world after the 40-in. (101.6-cm) refractor at Yerkes ObservatoryYerkes Observatory,
astronomical observatory located in Williams Bay, Wis., on the shore of Lake Geneva. It was founded in 1892 with funds provided by Charles T. Yerkes and its first director was George E. Hale. The observatory is administered by the Univ. of Chicago.
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. The principal research instrument now is a 120-in. (3-m) reflecting telescope that went into operation in 1960. Other equipment includes 39.4-in. (1-m) and 36-in. (91.4-cm) reflectors.
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Lick Observatory

An observatory on Mount Hamilton, California, at an altitude of 1280 meters. Endowed by James Lick, a 19th-century US financier and philanthropist, it was given to the University of California on the completion in 1888 of its (then) powerful 91-cm refracting telescope. The chief instrument today is the 3-meter Shane Telescope, with a Pyrex mirror having a comparatively large focal ratio of f/5. It was named for the US astronomer C. Donald Shane and became fully operational in 1959. There are also several smaller telescopes.
Collins Dictionary of Astronomy © Market House Books Ltd, 2006
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Lick Observatory


a scientific institution of the University of California (USA). It was constructed using funds bequeathed by the millionaire J. Lick (1796–1876).

The observatory is located atop Mount Hamilton (1,306 m), 46 km east of San Jose. A 30-cm refractor was installed in 1881 and a 91-cm refractor in 1888 (the observatory’s official year of opening). A 91-cm reflector was brought from England in 1895. Other instruments include a 51-cm double astrograph (installed in 1939), a 305-cm reflector (1950), and a 61-cm reflector (1964). Since 1966 the laboratories of the Lick Observatory have been located at Santa Cruz.

The observatory is primarily concerned with the study of the structure and rotation of the Milky Way Galaxy, the physical properties and proper motions of stars, and extragalactic nebulae. It publishes Lick Observatory Publications (since 1887), Lick Observatory Bulletin (since 1901), and Contributions From the Lick Observatory (since 1889).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
During the opposition of 1894 a great light was seen on the illuminated part of the disk, first at the Lick Observatory, then by Perrotin of Nice, and then by other observers.
There then followed a series of back and forths between different observing groups using a variety of telescopes, including the 120-inch Shane reflector at Lick Observatory, that failed to reproduce the emission lines.
After the discovery, scientists conducted a follow-up observation using the Automated Planet Finder telescope at the United States' Lick Observatory to study this star.
Using data from the Lick Observatory Supernova Search, a survey of nearby galaxies, the team compared the supernovae rate in outer spiral galaxies with that of known hosts -- dwarf/satellite galaxies -- and found comparable numbers for typical spiral outskirts and typical dwarf galaxies, roughly two core-collapse supernovae per millennium.
"Professional stargazers have long been searching for such an event," said Filippenko, who followed up from the Lick Observatory near San Jose, California.
A group of astronomers from the United States used data from three different instruments - European Space Agency's XMM-Newton satellite, the Shane 3-meter telescope at Lick Observatory in California and the 10-meter Keck I telescope at W.
A team from the Lick Observatory in California did make it to the Crimean eclipse - but it rained.
Since 1888, astronomers at Lick Observatory have been studying the cosmos from atop 4,200-foot Mt.
The focus of his studies was Astrophysics, which included several semesters of independent studies assisting Lick Observatory Astronomers.
Hamilton; and Tennessee State University, Nashville, found the planets using measurements from the Automated Planet Finder (APF) Telescope at Lick Observatory in California, the W.M.
In addition to checking for radio signals, Breakthrough Listen will hunt for light-based signals using a telescope at the Lick Observatory in California.
The release of Super Planet Crash follows the release of the latest version of Systemic Console, a scientific software package used to pull planet discoveries out of the reams of data acquired by telescopes such as the Automated Planet Finder (APF) at the University of California's Lick Observatory.