Knipovich, Lidiia Mikhailovna
Born Dec. 15 (27), 1856, in the village of Tusby (Tuusula), Nylands Province, Finland; died Feb. 9, 1920, in Simferopol’. Russian revolutionary. The daughter of a physician.
Knipovich became a Narodnik (Populist) at the end of the 1870’s. In 1889 she began her revolutionary work in St. Petersburg; in 1896 she was exiled for organizing the publication of books for the League of Struggle for the Emancipation of the Working Class. She became a Social Democrat in the 1890’s and carried out party duties in Astrakhan, Tver’, and Samara. A delegate to the Second Congress of the RSDLP (1903), she was part of the Iskra majority. In 1905 she was secretary of the Odessa committee of the RSDLP, and she participated in the Tammerfors Conference (1905) and the Fourth Congress (1906) of the party. She spent 1911–13 in exile in Poltava Province, after which, her health destroyed, she lived in the Crimea.