Lidice

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Lidice

(lĭ`dyĭtsĕ), village, NW Czech Republic, in Bohemia. In reprisal for the assassination of Reinhard HeydrichHeydrich, Reinhard
, 1904–42, German police official under the Nazi regime. Forced to resign (1931) from the navy for misconduct, Heydrich joined the SS (see National Socialism).
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, the Germans "liquidated" (1942) Lidice by killing all the men, deporting all women and children, and razing the village to the ground. After World War II a new village was built near the site of old Lidice, which is now a national park and memorial.

Lidice

 

a mining village in Czechoslovakia in the Czech Socialist Republic, southeast of the city of Kladno. During World War II the fascist German occupiers accused its residents of harboring Czechoslovak patriots who, on May 27, 1942, assassinated R. Heydrich, protector of Czechoslovakia. On June 10, the fascist Germans burned Lidice and razed it to the ground. All males over the age of 15 were shot, and the women and children were sent to concentration camps. The name “Lidice” was struck from lists of the populated areas of Czechoslovakia. After the country was liberated from the fascist German occupiers (1945), a museum was established on the site of Lidice, and a new settlement of that name was built near the museum.

Lidice became a symbol of Nazi barbarity and a call for unrelenting struggle against fascism. Villages and the streets of cities in many countries have been named after Lidice.

REFERENCES

Konopka, V. Liditse. Prague, 1962. (Translated from Czech.)

Lidice

Czech town obliterated by Nazis (June 10, 1942). [Eur. Hist.: Van Doren, 489]

Lidice

a mining village in the Czech Republic: destroyed by the Germans in 1942 in reprisal for the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich; rebuilt as a national memorial