Lie, Trygve Halvdan


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Lie, Trygve Halvdan

(trüg`və hälv`dän lē), 1896–1968, Norwegian statesman, first secretary-general of the United NationsUnited Nations
(UN), international organization established immediately after World War II. It replaced the League of Nations. In 1945, when the UN was founded, there were 51 members; 193 nations are now members of the organization (see table entitled United Nations Members).
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. A lawyer and Labor party leader, he was Norwegian minister of justice (1935–39) and minister of trade and supply (1939–41). He became (1941) foreign minister of the government in exile. Elected (1946) secretary-general of the United Nations, Lie took an active part in negotiations and incurred the enmity of the USSR by supporting UN action in the Korean WarKorean War,
conflict between Communist and non-Communist forces in Korea from June 25, 1950, to July 27, 1953. At the end of World War II, Korea was divided at the 38th parallel into Soviet (North Korean) and U.S. (South Korean) zones of occupation.
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. In 1953 he was succeeded at the United Nations by Dag HammarskjöldHammarskjöld, Dag
, 1905–61, Swedish statesman, secretary-general of the United Nations (1953–61). He attended the universities of Uppsala and Stockholm (Ph.D., 1934).
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. In Norway Lie was appointed (1955) governor of Oslo and of Akershus prov. He also served as minister of industries (1963–64) and minister of commerce (1965). He wrote In the Cause of Peace (1954).

Bibliography

See his Public Papers, 1946–1956, ed. by A. W. Cordier and W. Foote (1969).

Lie, Trygve Halvdan

 

Bom July 16, 1896, in Grorud, near Oslo; died Dec. 30, 1968, in Geilo. Norwegian politician and statesman. One of the right-wing leaders of the Norwegian Labor Party.

From 1926 to 1946, Lie was a member of the directorate of the Norwegian Labor Party. He served as minister of justice (1935–39) and minister of commerce and shipping (1939–40). After Norway’s occupation by fascist Germany during World War II (1939–45), he lived in exile in London, where in December 1940 he became minister of foreign affairs of the Norwegian government-in-exile. In February 1946 he became secretary-general of the United Nations. He acted in the interests of the Western powers, the USA and Great Britain in particular; this was especially apparent in 1950 at the time of the American armed intervention in Korea. Extension of the authority of Lie, realized in 1950 under pressure from the USA (in violation of the Charter of the United Nations), resulted in the protests of many member states of the UN. In April 1953, Lie was compelled to retire. He then held a number of government posts in Norway, including governor of Oslo-Akershus (1955–63), ambassador-at-large (1959–66), minister of industry (1963–64), and minister of commerce and shipping (1964–65).

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