Life-cycle analysis

Life-cycle analysis

The assessment of a product’s full environmental costs, from raw material to final disposal, in terms of its extraction costs, transportation, manufacturing, consumption, use, and disposal throughout its lifetime. Life-cycle analysis is used as a tool for evaluating the relative performance of building materials and technologies. The life-cycle cost is the amortized annual cost of a product, including capital costs, installation costs, operating costs, maintenance costs, and disposal costs discounted over the lifetime of a product.
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References in periodicals archive ?
An ARS-led team has completed a comprehensive life-cycle analysis quantifying the resource use and environmental emissions of beef cattle production in the U.S.
Both were tested using the Center's FasTrack life-cycle analysis to compare relative durability.
Sustainable Solutions Corporation (SSC), an industry leader in life-cycle analysis and sustainable product design and analysis, has released the first comprehensive environmental review of underground piping systems in North America.
Among their topics are waste characteristics and generation, composting for organic waste management, the biohydrometalllurgical processing of metallic components of electronic wastes, the treatment and use of ashes from solid waste processing, landfill leachate collection and treatment, a legal and institutional framework for sustainable solid waste management, and life-cycle analysis for decision-making in solid waste management.
The renewable jet fuel portion produced from select plant oils is targeted to achieve a 50% or higher reduction in greenhouse gases emissions per gallon based on a life-cycle analysis.
Robinson argued for the use of SMM's life-cycle analysis approach to inform which materials should be targeted for recycling.
They examine the current challenges in managing infrastructure, the framework for infrastructure assets planning, needs assessment, performance indicators, information management and decision support systems, the history of asset management, in-service monitoring and evaluation data, performance modeling and failure analysis, design for infrastructure service life, construction, maintenance, rehabilitation, reconstruction, new or alternate concepts economic life-cycle analysis, prioritization, optimization, work programs, and Infrastructure Asset Management System (IAMS development and implementation examples.
The study, authored by Andres Clarens, assistant professor of civil and environmental engineering at the University of Virginia, is a life-cycle analysis of an algae cultivation and fuel production process used at pre-commercial scales, the non-profit organization said.
Mahmoud, PhD, PE, editor-in-chief of the Journal of Bridge Structures, noted that the volumes offer “a wealth of information for researchers, practitioners, and owners.” He further stated, “The two volumes present strong and comprehensive methodologies for enhancing bridge and other civil infrastructure with emphasis on risk monitoring, life-cycle analysis, and decision-making.
"In addition to his expertise in this field, Jeremy's background in solid mechanics is ideal for creating synergies between the science platform and life-cycle analysis teams," says MIT Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Professor Franz-Josef Ulm, CSHub faculty director.
The journal available online, provides a forum for authors to share original theoretical and applied research in the areas of micro- and nano-manufacturing related to process innovation, accuracy and precision, throughput enhancement, material utilization, compact equipment development, environmental and life-cycle analysis, and predictive modeling of manufacturing processes with feature sizes smaller than 100 micrometers.