Life-cycle assessment


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life-cycle assessment

[′līf ‚sī·kəl ə‚ses·mənt]
(systems engineering)
A methodology that identifies the environmental impacts associated with the life cycle of a material or product in a specific application, thus identifying opportunities for improvement in environmental performance. Abbreviated LCA.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Life-cycle assessment

Examination of environmental and health impacts of a product or material over its life cycle; provides a mechanism for comparing different products and materials for green building.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
References in periodicals archive ?
By displacing virgin raw material used to manufacture PBT, LNP Elcrin iQ resin has been shown through peer-reviewed life-cycle assessment to reduce the energy and carbon footprint of the material by up to 61% and 49%, respectively.
Moreover, a green roof cools the building during the summer and thus reduces the cost of air conditioning.The European Union is beginning to push through the so-called Life-cycle assessment (LCA), a technique to assess environmental impacts associated with all the stages of a product's life from raw material extraction through materials processing, manufacture, distribution, use, repair and maintenance and disposal or recycling.
Since its inception in 1996, the nonprofit Consortium for Research on Renewable Industrial Materials (CORRIM; www.corrim.org) has developed comprehensive environmental performance information on wood building materials consistent with International Organization for Standardization (ISO) standards for life-cycle inventory (LCI) and life-cycle assessment (LCA) research.
Based on a 100-year life-cycle assessment methodology, the Life Cycle Assessment of PVC Water and Sewer Pipe and Comparative Sustainability Analysis of Pipe Materials includes a study of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) pipe conducted according to life-cycle assessment (LCA) standards ISO 14040 series.
"There is significant inconsistency in the way that many life-cycle assessment studies consider, or in some cases ignore, the life-cycle stages of buildings," notes MIT Materials Systems Laboratory principal research scientist Randy Kirchain, CSHub co-director and report co-author.
* UPM Raflatac has cooperated with leading Italian wine producer Cielo e Terra on a life-cycle assessment (LCA) to study the environmental impacts of wine bottles.
Lectromec is a Chantilly, Virginia based technology and engineering firm offering full life-cycle assessment, testing, and analysis services for aircraft wiring systems.
With this most recent life-cycle assessment weve commissioned, we aimed to take these developments into account and obtain solid information, based on the latest life-cycle assessment findings, about the environmental impacts of the main packaging solutions currently used for long-life foods such as soups, sauces, tomato products, vegetables and ready-meals.
Among the topics are the state of the art in nanomechanics, characterizing nanocomposites by scattering methods, the mechanical-viscoelastic characterization of nanocomposites, characterizing mechanical and electric properties of nanocomposites, polymer nanocomposites characterized by thermal analysis techniques, and health hazards and recycling and life-cycle assessment of nanomaterials and their composites.