ligament

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ligament

(lĭg`əmənt), strong band of white fibrous connective tissueconnective tissue,
supportive tissue widely distributed in the body, characterized by large amounts of intercellular substance and relatively few cells. The intercellular material, or matrix, is produced by the cells and gives the tissue its particular character.
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 that joins bones to other bones or to cartilage in the joint areas. The bundles of collagenous fibers that form ligaments tend to be pliable but not elastic. They therefore permit freedom of movement within a certain limited range while holding the attached bones firmly in place. For example, the ligaments at the knee limit the movement of the lower leg to a certain range. Other types of ligaments form fibrous sheets that support such internal organs as the kidneys and the spleen.

Ligament

A strong, flexible connective tissue band usually found between two bony prominences. Most ligaments are composed of dense fibrous tissue formed by parallel bundles of collagen fibers. They have a shining white appearance and are pliable, strong, and noncompliant. A second kind of ligament, composed either partly or almost entirely of yellow elastic fibers, is extensible or compliant, thereby allowing the connected bones to move apart. See Connective tissue, Joint (anatomy)

Ligament

 

in man, a dense band or layer of fibrous tissue that connects skeletal bones or individual organs. Ligaments usually are found near joints and perform a variety of functions, depending on the movements in the joint. Joint capsules are strengthened by reinforcing ligaments, limited in their amplitude by inhibiting ligaments, and directed in their movements by directing ligaments. In many joints, ligaments act as passive bands whose attenuation impairs static functions and alters the shape of the corresponding elements of the skeleton. The main blood vessels that nourish bone pass through some ligaments. The microscopic structure of articular ligaments consists of a variety of dense fibrous tissue whose dominant elements are bands of collagenous and elastic fibers.

The term “ligament” is often applied to anatomic formations not associated with joints, for example, the ligaments of visceral organs, which consist of fine double layers of peritoneum.

ligament

[′lig·ə·mənt]
(engineering)
The section of solid material in a tube sheet or shell between adjacent holes.
(histology)
A flexible, dense white fibrous connective tissue joining, and sometimes encapsulating, the articular surfaces of bones.

ligament

Anatomy any one of the bands or sheets of tough fibrous connective tissue that restrict movement in joints, connect various bones or cartilages, support muscles, etc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Slowly the scientific community started to echo Russell Warren's view that 'as a general rule, extra-articular surgery without attention to the cruciate ligaments will often result in failure' (Warren et al 1978, O'Brien et al 1991, Anderson et al 2001).
These two ligaments inserted directly into the distal radius, whereas the central portion of TFC inserted into the hyaline cartilage of the distal radius [Figure 1] and [Figure 3].
Patients were selected for the study on the basis of injury involving the ACL and these injuries were graded into three grades; Grade 1: partial tear with less than half of the ligament substance disrupted; Grade2: partial tear with more than half of the ligament substance disrupted; Grade3: complete tear.
The medial ligament is thin as compared to middle ligament, the middle is thick and strong and widely separated from the medial ligament.
MRI demonstrated absent anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments and LCL partial tearing (Fig.
A chronic injury typically occurs from repeated stress on the ligament from throwing or swinging the arm over time.
Keywords: Knee, Multiligament injuries, Medial collateral ligament, Medial patellofemoral ligament, Patellar dislocation.
1,6,7) Other theories suggest hyaluronic acid production secondary to mesenchymal stem cell proliferation within the ligaments, synovial tissue herniation, or congenital translocation of synovial tissue as possible etiologies.
magellanicus, and Anodonta cygnea (Linnaeus 1758) ligaments when measurements are repeated over a relatively short period of time (Trueman 1953a).
The cruciate ligaments situated in the middle of the knee joint, nearer to the posterior than anterior surface.
In addition to Ligaments following Medical Textile are also used for treatment.