Ligny


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Ligny

(lēnyē`), village, Namur prov., central Belgium, near Namur. At Ligny, on June 16, 1815, Napoleon I of France defeated the Prussians under Blücher early in the Waterloo campaignWaterloo campaign,
last action of the Napoleonic Wars, ending with the battle of Waterloo. Napoleon I, who escaped from Elba in Feb., 1815, and entered Paris on Mar. 20, soon faced a European coalition.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ligny

 

a village in Namur Province, Belgium, where on June 16, 1815, Napoleon I defeated General G. von Blũcher’s Prussian Army.

With a view to defeating the Prussian troops before they joined the Duke of Wellington’s Anglo-Dutch Army, which was staying at Quatre Bras, Napoleon launched his main forces (68,000 to 72,000 men and 210 guns) against Blũcher’s army (84,000 men and 216 guns) at Ligny. At the same time he ordered Marshal M. Ney’s group (42,000 to 44,000 men) to occupy Quatre Bras, which was an important road junction, and crush the English troops. In the course of the engagement the French broke through the Prussian front and forced them to retreat. But because General d’Erlon’s French corps did not succeed in cutting off the road of retreat to Blũcher’s troops, the Prussian Army was not defeated and later played an important role in Napoleon’s defeat at Waterloo. The Prussians lost more than 20,000 men and 40 guns, and the French lost about 11,000 men.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
Fernand was enrolled in the active troop, went to the frontier with his regiment, and was at the battle of Ligny. The night after that battle he was sentry at the door of a general who carried on a secret correspondence with the enemy.
The Emperor, with the main body, was away at Ligny, where he had utterly annihilated the Prussians, and was now free to bring his whole force to bear upon the allies.
(1) Later, during the Battle of Waterloo, Napoleon found himself flanked by two corps of Prussians who had reconstituted themselves in record time after a serious defeat at the Battle of Ligny two days earlier.
(13.) Lobbedez T, Lecouf A, Ficheux M, Henri P, Hurault de Ligny B, Ryckelynck JP.
(1970), Morphologie du conte, traduit du russe [Morfologija skazki, 1928 et 1966] par Claude Ligny, Paris, Gallimard.
Chanard J, Toupance O, Lavaud S, Hurault de Ligny B, Bernaud C, Moulin B, et al.
Bene, M.C.; De Korwin, J.D.: Hurault de Ligny, B.; et al.
He did this in June 1815, when his honest loyalty to the Duke of Wellington ensured that the Prussian army, beaten at Ligny where Blucher was badly injured, would march two days later to secure the victory at Waterloo.
Blucher's troops would be exposed on the forward slopes of a gentle ridge above Ligny, the village and others along the small brook would be turned into a fortified outpost line, solid stone buildings offering some security for his shaky, second line Landwehr.
On June 16 he triumphed over the Prussians at Ligny but Wellington held him back and, two days later at Waterloo, it was all over.