Lille

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Lille

(lēl), city (1990 pop. 178,301), capital of Nord dept., N France, near the Belgian border. With its central position in NW Europe, Lille became a great commercial, cultural, and manufacturing center, long known for its textile products—notably lisle (the name is derived from an older spelling of the city's name). Intense industrial expansion began in the 1960s, strengthened by the establishment (1967) of a metropolitan community uniting almost 90 towns with a total population of over 900,000. Steel, iron, metalworking, and chemicals were among the city's flourishing manufactures. By the 1990s, however, competiton from Southeast Asia and within Europe, including the former Eastern bloc, resulted in reduced production and high unemployment in the area.

Lille was the chief city of the county of Flanders, a brilliant residence of the 16th-century dukes of Burgundy, and (after 1668) the capital of French Flanders. Taken (1708) after a costly siege by Eugene of Savoy and the duke of Marlborough, it was restored to France in the Peace of Utrecht (1713). Among Lille's principal buildings are the huge citadel (17th cent.), one of the finest works of the French military engineer Vauban; the old stock exchange (17th cent.); several fine churches; and the unfinished cathedral (begun 1854). Lille has a large university, transferred there from Douai in 1808, and one of the most important art museums in Europe; its paintings include many of the best works of the Flemish, Dutch, French, and Spanish masters.

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Lille

 

a city in northern France, on the Defile River (Schelde Basin). Capital of the department of Nord. Population, 190,500 (1968; with Roubaix and other metropolitan-area cities, approximately 900,000).

Lille is a transportation junction and a river port. It is the center of the northern industrial region of the country. Lille manufactures textiles (principally cotton), garments, and chemicals (acids, fertilizers, and dyes) and processes food. Heavy machine building is another important industry and is supported by the nearby metallurgical factories. There are a number of important banks in Lille and a university.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Lille

an industrial city in N France: the medieval capital of Flanders; forms with Roubaix and Tourcoing one of the largest conurbations in France. Pop.: 184 657 (1999)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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The 40 full papers and 20 short papers of this proceedings were first presented at the 36th EUROMICRO Conference on Software Engineering and Advanced Applications, held in September 2010 in Lille, France. The material is grouped by session, with individual paper topics that include AI-based models for software effort estimation, a case study on scaling Agile release planning, a template for SOA design decision making in an educational setting, and a component model for on-board software applications.
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8, 2010 (TAP)-On the fringes of the Federation of European Companion Animal Veterinary Associations congress held in Lille, France, Tunisia was elected as vice-president of the Federation of Francophone Veterinary Associations (FAFVAC) in the person of Dr.Faouzi Kechrid, president of the Tunisian Association of Companion animals veterinaries (ATVAC).
Pakistan feature in the qualifying round in Lille, France from October 31, one of three rounds to chose the last three teams for the 12-team World Cup.
Shipping leader GAC has announced the opening of its logistics business development office in Lille, France.
Laura Stainforth, 15, and 49-year-old Robert Williams handed themselves in to the consulate in Lille, France, after disappearing together on Wednesday last week.
A graduate of the Culinary School of Lille, France, he worked for 30 years as a pastry chef in Lille.
LILLE, France: Two cargo ships crashed into each other off the French port of Dunkirk on Wednesday, breaching one of their hulls and causing a minor fuel spill, maritime officials said.
La Voix du Nord, Lille, France, published by Belgium's Rossel group, is investing in new production equipment to print quality four-color throughout.
Maybe yes, maybe no, says theorist Guy Allan of the Institute of Electronics, Microelectronics, and Nanotechnology in Lille, France. Creation of a new exciton takes a mere 0.1 fs, so 50 fs is plenty of time to make seven or more excitons, he says.
The European Biogasmax project, designed to promote the use of biogas produced from organic waste, notably as a fuel in buses, was launched on 23 March by the communaute urbaine de Lille, France. This 20 million project, which will be funded principally until 2009 by the European Commission ( 7.5 million) and by the Lille urban community ( 4 millions) involves 27 European partners in the Gothenburg region (Sweden) and the cities of Stockholm, Rome and Harlem (the Netherlands), as well as French utility Gaz de France.
The factory in Lille, France, that made Gauloise has silenced its mechanical cigarette rollers, according to Internet reports.