Liman von Sanders, Otto

Liman von Sanders, Otto

(ô`tō lē`män fən zän`dərs), 1855–1929, German general. In 1913 he was made head of the German military mission to Constantinople to reorganize the army of the Ottoman Empire. His appointment caused a diplomatic crisis between Germany and Russia, which suspected German designs on the Ottoman capital. A compromise was reached when the Germans agreed that Liman become inspector general of the army, a post with less extensive authority. In World War I, Liman commanded Turkish armies in the Gallipoli campaignGallipoli campaign,
1915, Allied expedition in World War I for the purpose of gaining control of the Dardanelles and Bosporus straits, capturing Constantinople, and opening a Black Sea supply route to Russia.
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 (1915–16) and was given (1918) supreme command in Palestine, where he was defeated by Allenby. He wrote Five Years in Turkey (1920, tr. 1957).
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Liman Von Sanders, Otto


Born Feb. 17, 1855, in Stolp; died Aug. 22, 1929, in Munich. German general.

Liman von Sanders was the head of a German military mission to Turkey from 1913 to 1918. His mission helped the Germans to establish military and political control over Turkey during World War I. From February 1915 to January 1916 he commanded the Turkish Fifth Army on the Gallipoli Peninsula; from 1917 to 1918 he led a group of Turkish troops in Palestine.


Fünf Jahre Türkei, 2nd ed. Berlin, 1922.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Liman von Sanders, Otto, Funf Jahre in Turkei, 2d ed.