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(lēm`nôs) or


(lĕm`nŏs), island (1991 pop. 17,645), 186 sq mi (482 sq km), NE Greece, in the Aegean Sea near Turkey. It is largely mountainous, with areas of fertile lava soil. Fruits, wine, silk, and wheat are produced, sheep and goats are raised, and fish are caught. A medicinal earth (Lemnian Bole), used in treating open wounds and snake bites, has been produced there since ancient times. Kástron and Moúdhros, a port, are the island's chief towns. In ancient Greece, the island, because of its volcanic origin, was sacred to Hephaestus. It became a colony of Athens c.500 B.C. After the fall (1204) of the Byzantine Empire, Límnos was captured by the Genoese, who held the island until 1464, when it passed to Venice. It was seized by the Ottoman Turks in 1479 and became part of Greece in 1913. Nearby are remains of a Bronze Age settlement.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Lemnos), an island in the northern Aegean Sea; belongs to Greece. Area, 482 sq km. Limnos is composed primarily of schists and volcanic tuffs. Elevations reach 430 m. Wheat and grapes are grown, and there are olive plantations. The main cities are Kastron and Moudhros.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The excavations are being conducted at the Ouriakos site on the Louri coast of Fyssini in Moudros municipality on Limnos, with the assistance of the municipality and funding by the Institute for Aegean Prehistory (INSTAP).
And liminal spaces are also thresholds (from which the name derives, interestingly in both Greek, limnos and Latin, limen).
Charles arrived on Monday by a private aircraft which landed on the island of Limnos, about 90 miles northeast of Athens.
The Yiannakis came from the island of Limnos. They had initially obtained land in the Namwera area, east of Fort Johnston, to grow tobacco.
Ikat's dam was a Listed-winning miler but is a half-sister to Tattersalls Gold Cup winner Shiva, Prix Foy winner Limnos and Oaks winner Light Shift.
The destinations are Corfu, Zakynthos, Heraklion, Ioannina, Alexandroupoli, Kefalonia, Sandorini, Mykonos, Mytilini, Samos, Rhodes, Kos, Hania, Kavala, Hios and Limnos.
The Greek jets had taken off from Tanagra, Limnos and Skiros air bases, it said.
Salvatore Pollo; Simon Storage, Stolt Dipper; Svitzer, Ormesby Cross, Phoenix Cross, Svitzer Bootle, Coatham Cross, Svitzer Sun, Svitzer Stephanie; Tees Dock, Helga, Limnos, Jana; TERRC, Ensco 72, Viking Vulcan, Clemenceau/Q790, Caloosahatchee, Canisteo, Canopus, Compass Island, Clark Avon, Samba, Ensco 101; Vopak, Stella Lyra.
Aegean Airlines will launch flights from Athens to London Stansted (twice-daily from May 15 aboard A321s), Tirana (daily from May 2 aboard RJ100s), Limnos (four-times-weekly from March 30, becoming daily May 1) and Kefalonia (four-times-weekly from May 1, becoming six-times-weekly in July and daily in August).
The daughter of Limnos made a winning reappearance at Limerick earlier this week when capturing a conditions hurdle and Griffin is expecting her to make good progress from that outing.