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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(formerly Stance), a genus of plants of the family Plumbaginaceae. They are perennial herbs and, more rarely, subshrubs. The leaves are large and usually only radical. The small pink, purple, or yellow pentamerous flowers are in panicles. The stigmata are filiform. There are approximately 300 species, distributed throughout the world, primarily from the eastern Mediterranean Region and Central Asia. Approximately 35 species are found in the USSR. They usually grow in saline soils and on dry mountain slopes, predominantly in the Southeast European USSR, the Caucasus, and Middle Asia. The roots, which contain tannins, have been used for a long time to tan hide. Yellow, green, pink, and black pigments are also obtained from the plant for use by the leather and carpet industries. Several species, including Limonium latifolium and winged sea lavender (L. sinuatum), are grown as ornamentals.

Members of the genus Goniolimon, which have capitate stigmata, are often included in the genus Limonium. There are more than 20 species, distributed from Algeria to Central Asia. Approximately 15 species are found in the USSR, growing in the southern part of the European USSR, the Caucasus, Middle Asia, and Southern Siberia. One of the most common species is Goniolimon speciosum; it is cultivated, along with the species G. eximium and G. tataricum, as an ornamental.


Flora SSSR, vol. 18. Moscow-Leningrad, 1952.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Kong, "Inhibition of MMP-2 and MMP-9 activities by limonium tetragonum extract," Preventive Nutrition and Food Science, vol.
The bridesmaids carried bouquets of cream and sweet pink Akito roses, alstroemeria lilies, hypericum berries, and Limonium.
Biological flora of the British Isles: Limonium vulgare Mill.
In all cases where the vegetation was dominated by Limonium vulgare, exclusion of hares led to an increase in Atriplex.
Some aspects of the reproductive biology of Limonium vulgare Mill.
Ca2+significantly enhanced development andsalt-secretion rate of saltglands of Limonium bicolorunder NaCl treatment.
C Chamaephyte 2 mariana Juncus emmanuelis S Helophyte 2 Lavandula viridis S Chamaephyte 2 Limonium algarvense S Hemicryptophyte 2 Limonium ovalifolium S Chamaephyte 2 Loeflingia baetica S Terophyte 2 Malva hispanica S Chamaephyte 2 Marsilea batardae S Helophyte 2 Mercurialis reverchonii S Chamaephyte 2 Narcissus asturiensis N Geophyte 1B Nothobartsia asperrima NS Chamaephyte 2 Ononis broteriana NS Terophyte 2 Ononis cintrana S Terophyte 2 Otospermum glabrum S Terophyte 2 Paradisea lusitanica N Geophyte 1C Pistorinia hispanica NS Terophyte 1C Plantago monosperma N Chamaephyte 1C subsp.
A new disease in Limonium latifolium Hybrids II, investigating insect vectors.
Tonduz 437 Ligustrum vulgare 1931-04-14 Fernando Solis 192 Limonium sinuatum 1931-04-11 A.
Her bouquet consisted of white roses, mini calla lilies, variegated pittosporum, green hypericum berries and white limonium wrapped in satin ribbon and pearls.