Lin Biao


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Lin Biao

or

Lin Piao

(both: lĭn byou), 1908–71, Chinese Communist general and political leader. Lin was trained at Whampoa Academy, and during the Northern ExpeditionNorthern Expedition,
in modern Chinese history, the military campaign by which the Kuomintang party overthrew the warlord-backed Beijing government and established a new government at Nanjing.
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 he rose to company commander in the KuomintangKuomintang
[Chin.,=national people's party] (KMT), Chinese and Taiwanese political party. Sung Chiao-jen organized the party in 1912, under the nominal leadership of Sun Yat-sen, to succeed the Revolutionary Alliance.
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 army. After the Kuomintang-Communist split in 1927, he became one of Zhu DeZhu De
or Chu Teh
, 1886–1976, Chinese Communist soldier and leader. He was graduated (1911) from the Yunnan military academy and served in various positions with armies loyal to Sun Yat-sen. Stationed in Sichuan prov., he was a warlord from 1916 to 1920.
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's leading military aides. His skill as a tactician earned him the command of a Red Army corps, and after the long marchlong march,
Chin., Changzheng, the journey of c.6,000 mi (9,660 km) undertaken by the Red Army of China in 1934–35. When their Jiangxi prov. Soviet base was encircled by the Nationalist army of Chiang Kai-shek, some 90,000 men and women broke through the siege (Oct.
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, he headed the Red Academy at Yan'an. In 1947–48 he commanded the Communist military offensive in the northeast against Chiang Kai-shek. Lin was appointed defense minister of the people's republic in 1959. In 1966 he displaced Liu ShaoqiLiu Shaoqi
or Liu Shao-ch'i
, 1898?–1969, Chinese Communist political leader. Liu joined (1920) a Comintern organization in Shanghai, where he studied Russian. While in Moscow in 1921, he joined the Chinese Communist party.
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 as the second-ranking member of the Chinese Communist party, a position that made him Mao Zedong's heir apparent. A supporter of the Cultural Revolution (1966–76), Lin mysteriously died in an airplane crash in Mongolia (1971). His death, however, was not officially disclosed until 1972, when the Chinese press also reported on his alleged attempt to overthrow the government shortly before the crash.

Lin Piao

, Lin Biao
1908--71, Chinese Communist general and statesman. He became minister of defence (1959) and second in rank to Mao Tse-tung (1966). He fell from grace and is reported to have died in an air crash while attempting to flee to the Soviet Union
References in periodicals archive ?
Lin Biao died in an air crash, apparently after a failed coup.
The only widespread children's game by the time of Lin Biao's death was skipping, but soon enough whips and tops, hopscotch, and diabolo could be seen in the streets of Beijing.
For Badiou the Cultural Revolution is different in kind from the purges of Stalin, and he notes that only two of Mao's rivals in the party, Liu Shaoqi and Lin Biao, were actually killed.
At the same time, the resolution praised Mao for leading the struggle 'to smash the counter-revolutionary Lin Biao clique' and for his 'major criticisms' of his wife, Jiang Qing, and the Gang of Four.
The officials claimed Maoist state committee member Barun Sur, alias Comrade Bidyut, had successfully roped in the old members of the Second CC ( followers of Lin Biao) into CPI ( Maoist) in the frontier districts of Malda, Nadia and Murshidabad, which share a long border with Bangladesh.
The 1969 Communist Party Congress, another of this year's anniversary events, declared the success of the movement Mao had launched three years earlier and named the highly neurotic army chief, Lin Biao, as his successor.
Among their findings is that as part of a larger effort to exploit military tension with Moscow to further his personal power, in 1969 Marshal Lin Biao placed China's nuclear forces on "full alert" (an action both unprecedented and, thus far, unrepeated) without Mao Zedong's approval or knowledge.
One of its prime targets was ostensibly Lin Biao (1907-1971?), a famous military leader under Mao Zedong (1893-1976) who was accused of attempting a coup against Mao and died in a mysterious plane crash over Mongolia in 1971.
This came with the Cultural Revolution, his great purge, which he launched in 1966 with the support of Defense Minister Lin Biao and premier Chou En-lai.
2 man Lin Biao comparing Mao to an emperor turned Shi against the great helmsman, he said.
The Culture of Power: The Lin Biao Incident in the Cultural Revolution, by Jin Qiu.
One of the most important political changes in that period, to which White alludes in his references to the emergence of reforms in the early 1970s, was the death of Lin Biao after an apparent failed attempt to assassinate Mao Zedong.