Lin Piao


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Lin Piao:

see Lin BiaoLin Biao
or Lin Piao
, 1908–71, Chinese Communist general and political leader. Lin was trained at Whampoa Academy, and during the Northern Expedition he rose to company commander in the Kuomintang army.
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Lin Piao

 

Born in 1907 in the district of Huangkang, Hupeh Province; died 1971. Chinese military and political figure. Son of a bankrupt petty entrepreneur.

In 1925, Lin joined the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). From 1925 to 1926 he studied at the military school at Huang-p’u. He was a participant in the Nanch’ang Rebellion of 1927. As one of the prominent commanders of the Red Army of China, he commanded the 1st Army Group of the First Front in the Northwestern Campaign of 1934–36. In 1936 he was appointed chief of the Anti-Japanese Military and Political Academy in the city of Yenan. From 1937 to 1945 he commanded a division of the Eighth Army led by the CCP. From 1945 to 1948 he commanded the Northeastern Army, and from 1948 to 1950 he was commander of the Fourth Field Army of the National Liberation Army of China. Between 1949 and 1954 he was a member of the Central People’s Governing Council and vice-chairman of the People’s Revolutionary Military Council of the People’s Republic of China. In 1954, Lin was appointed deputy premier of the State Council and vice-chairman of the State Committee of Defense of the People’s Republic of China. Between 1955 and 1965 he held the title of marshal of the People’s Republic of China. (In 1965 military titles were abolished in the People’s Republic of China.)

In 1955 he was elected to the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CCP, and in 1958 he became one of the vice-chairman of the Central Committee and a member of the Permanent Committee of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CCP. In 1959 he was appointed minister of defense of the People’s Republic of China. In 1966 he became the sole vice-chairman of the Central Committee of the CCP. The charter of the CCP adopted at the Ninth Congress of the CCP in 1969 officially called Lin the “close comrade-in-arms and successor” of Mao Tse-tung. At the first plenum of the Central Committee of the CCP after the Ninth Congress, he was elected a member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CCP, a member of the Permanent Committee of the Politburo, and vice-chairman of the Central Committee of the CCP. Lin died in 1971, at the time of a new outbreak of struggle for power within the Chinese leadership. The Tenth Congress of the CCP (1973) declared him a political adversary of Mao and accused him of having made an attempt upon Mao’s life. [14–1417–2; updated]

Lin Piao

, Lin Biao
1908--71, Chinese Communist general and statesman. He became minister of defence (1959) and second in rank to Mao Tse-tung (1966). He fell from grace and is reported to have died in an air crash while attempting to flee to the Soviet Union
References in periodicals archive ?
Lin Biao is hardly a household name anymore, but as the Chinese Minister of Defense in 1965 (he was Lin Piao then), he caused a stir with a speech, later published as a pamphlet, exhorting, "Long live the victory of people's war!" The vietnam War was raging then, and Lin urged revolutionaries throughout the world to break the imperial chains that bound them.
Sources: Bridgham, Philip, "The Fall of Lin Piao," The China Quarterly, Vol.