Linde, Carl Von

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Linde, Carl Von


Born June 11, 1842, in Berndorf; died Nov. 16, 1934, in Munich. German physicist and engineer.

Linde received the degree of doctor of philosophy from the University of Göttingen. From 1868 to 1878 and from 1892 to 1910 he was a professor at the Technische Hochschule in Munich. In 1879 he founded a society for refrigerating machines (Gesellschaft fur Linde’s Eismaschinen AG) in Wiesbaden. In 1895 he designed and built the first industrial installation for the production of liquid air based on the Joule-Thomson effect and improved the process by introducing precooling. Later Linde worked on the problem of separating into constituents mixtures of various gases of industrial importance. In 1902 he devised and in 1907 substantially perfected a continuously operating rectification apparatus for the separation of air into its components.


Claude, J. Zhidkii vozdukh. Leningrad, 1930. Pages 71–74. (Translated from French.)
Carl von Linde, Zum 90 Geburtstag. Berlin, 1932. (Includes a bibliography of Linde’s works.)
Tekhnika nizkikh temperatur. Moscow-Leningrad, 1964.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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