lindera benzoin


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Related to lindera benzoin: spicebush
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spicebush

spicebush

Shrub grows up to 15ft (5m). Aromatically scented leaves (when crushed) and berries (which are red and shiny) tiny yellow flowers in showy clusters. Berries can be used as spice. Bark has strong medicinal properties. Whole plant used for blood purifying, arresting Candida yeast, fungus, colds, fevers, colic, gas, worms, rheumatism, cramps, coughs, anemia.
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- On 11 August 1995, another group of shrubs (n = 15 for Lonicera maackii and n = 12 for Lindera benzoin) was dug from the same forests used as plant sources for the shadehouse experiment.
Shrub species found in Ginn Woods that are included in the shrub layer of other beech maple woods are Asimina triloba, Lindera benzoin, Sambucus canadensis, Euonymus atropurpureus, and Viburnum acerifoliun (Petty and Jackson, 1966).
Lindera benzoin is considered a warming herb that improves circulation and increases perspiration rate.
Sex ratio, components of reproduction, and pollen deposition in Lindera benzoin (Lauraceae).
Spicebush swallowtail Spicebush (Lindera benzoin) (Papilio troilus)
Saplings of Asimina triloba (pawpaw) and sugar maple were common in the understory along with the native shrub Lindera benzoin (spicebush).
Southern Europe Lindera benzoin (L.) Blume Eastern USA Lindera latifolia Hk.f Lindera melissifolia (L.) J.
I tested the idea that leaf herbivory increases both the amount of fruit abortion and the degree that abortion is selective by using the single-ovulate flowers of the understory shrub Lindera benzoin as the experimental system.
x LEONURUS CARDIAC A L x Lindera benzoin (L.) Blume x Lindernia dubia (L.) Pennell var.
Importance values were calculated as the sum of the relative density, relative dominance, and relative frequency of each species BC BC BG Species invaded uninvaded invaded Acer pensylvanicum -- -- -- Acer rubrum -- 0.88 0.40 Amelanchier alnifolia 0.67 -- -- Betula nigra -- -- 0.11 Carya glabra -- 0.10 0.14 Cercis canadensis -- -- -- Camus flarida 0.19 0.11 -- Fagus grandifolia -- -- -- Hamamelis virginiana -- 0.09 -- Ilex opaca 0.09 0.10 -- Kalmia latifolia -- 0.09 -- Lindera benzoin 0.09 -- 0.10 Liquidambar styraciflua -- -- -- Liriodendron tulipifera 1.04 1.03 1.94 Magnolia sp.
Its cover consisted primarily of Acer saccharum (34%) and Fagus grandifolia (11.6%) in the overstory, and Lindera benzoin (14%) and Acer saccharum (13.1%) in the understory.
The effect of microhabitat, spatial distribution, and display size on dispersal of Lindera benzoin by avian frugivores.