linear congruence

linear congruence

[′lin·ē·ər kəŋ′grü·əns]
(mathematics)
The relation between two quantities that have the same remainder on division by a given integer, where the quantities are polynomials of, at most, the first degree in the variables involved.
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The security of the system is based on the solvability of multivariate linear congruence equations which is very complex, discrete logarithm problem and integer factorization problem.

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