Lingala


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Lingala

 

(Ngala), a language spoken in the Republic of Zaire along the northern and southern banks of the Congo (Zaire) River. Lingala belongs to the central group of the Congo zone of the Bantu language family. Approximately 1 million people speak Lingala (1967, estimate). Lingala has several dialects, the chief of which is Mabale.

The sound system of Lingala is similar to that of all Bantu languages. Two distinctive tones—one high and one low—have been recorded. The distinguishing feature of Lingala grammatical structure is its system of concordances (16 classes). Locative classes are lacking; their grammatical functions are fulfilled by prepositions. Monosyllabic prefixes serve as class markers. Unlike other Bantu languages in the Congo zone, the system of class concordance in Lingala often breaks down on the syntactic level. The vocabulary contains a large number of borrowings from Swahili, Congo, and French.

REFERENCES

Everbroeck, R. van. Grammaire et exercices lingala. Leopoldville, 1958.
Everbroeck, R. van. Lingala woordenboek. Brussels, 1956.
Blavier, E. Dictionnaire woordenboek Lingala-français-néerlandais, français-lingala-néerlandais, 2nd ed. Leopoldville, 1958.

N. V. OKHOTINA

References in periodicals archive ?
In February, the two released a track, "Kitoko" (beautiful in Lingala).
The single has two bonus tracks namely Orchestra LXG, which appreciates the band for their contribution and for working tirelessly in making the single possible, and it is in both Kalanga and Lingala.
Lingala's former girlfriend, Sandya Reddy, 52, appeared before Hammer on the same charge and was also detained Image Credit: Shutterstock
I now dance to Rumba Lingala because Christianity was never meant to replace harmless cultural practices with a vacuum.
Bolasie says he and Lukaku talk to each other on the pitch using a dialect of Democratic Republic of Congo - Lingala.
"Aka Lingala Te" (1:19), "Bilongo" (5:37), "Matanga" (2:54), "Jokoh Jokoh" (4:59), "Cubaneando" (4:04), "Essewe Ya Monique" (1:57), "Santa Clara Con Montuno" (3:08), "Ngul Mekon" (0:49), "Muntula Moto" (5:02), "Eva" (4:36), "Kivu" (4:28), and "Kwa Singa" (1:15).
The official language is French while Kongo/Kituba and Lingala are the recognized regional languages in the country.
The Bongo Man (his father was also called Bongo Man) sings in Lingala, and his high speed form of soukous gave birth to the kwassa kwassa dance rhythm where the hips move back and forth while the hands move to follow the hips.
Essentially a guitar band, they specialised in the universally popular Zairean rumba sound with vocals in Lingala (the lingua franca of Zaire) with a smattering of Swahili (the lingua franca of East Africa).
Drawn to the widespread influence of prep style, senior apparel design major Anu Lingala has extensively researched since her freshman year the origins and exclusivity of prep culture.
Summary: In less than 24 hours over the course of two-and-a-half months, freelance journalist Joshua Foer used an online resource to learn Lingala.
The songs in the new album will have a traditional sound throughout and are sung in Lingala, English, Khoe-Khoe, Afrikaans and Herero.