Linguistic Policy

Linguistic Policy

 

a set of measures adopted by a state, class, party, or ethnic group for the purpose of changing or preserving the existing functional distribution of language forms, introducing new language norms, or preserving those in use. A linguistic policy encompasses the nature and methods of resolving questions of language, including the selection of a language, and questions of linguistics, including the selection of linguistic norms. The nature and methods of the policy are determined by the interests of specific classes or ethnic communities and by the political and ideological goals of their cultures. Accordingly, a linguistic policy may focus on desired change (in this sense it is termed language building by Soviet scholars and language planning by Western Europeans), or it may center on the existing speech culture. The effectiveness of a linguistic policy depends on sociopolitical, ideological, psychological, and aesthetic factors.

REFERENCES

Avrorin, V. A. Problemy izucheniia funktsional’noi storony iazyka. Leningrad, 1975.
Nikol’skii, L. B. Sinkhronnaia sotsiolingvistika. Moscow, 1976.
Shveitser, A. D. Sovremennaia sotsiolingvistika. Moscow, 1976.
Iazykovaia politika v afro-aziatskikh stranakh. Moscow, 1977.

L. B. NIKOL’SKII

References in periodicals archive ?
This is deduced from the 2017 report of the Department of Linguistic Policy that encompasses the activites carried out by the Language Policy Service and the Catalan Language Department.
But one must appreciate Islamabad's prudent linguistic policy throughout these years, in how it has stayed true to the language of the world, which now without a shadow of a doubt is Chinese .
Such linguistic policy highlights the crucial role of the Government Names Committee in designing toponymic inscriptions, particularly against the backdrop of the history of its policies.
In lieu of this, the linguistic policy of state needs to incorporate the needs and grievances of other marginalized groups.
Scholars and activists, as many in or from Europe as in or from the Americas, consider such topics as the Cornish in the Americas as chameleons, the role of the Welsh Language Project in revitalizing Welsh in the Argentine province of Chubut, The Cueudach Tale in Scotland and Cape Breton, the introduction of racialism to Gaelic literature and culture, and the linguistic policy of the Catholic Church towards missionaries sent to eastern Canada from the 17th to the 19th centuries.
The Commission was recently found at fault by the ombudsman on its restrictive linguistic policy for public consultation but the Commission refused to budge and the ombudsman was forced to close the case, noting that the principle of multilingualism was not being respected.
In fact I found minority cultures like in Catalonia have seen business make more use of Catalan following the Catalan language act of 1997 and linguistic policy law of 1998, and profits increased as a result.
Universitat Pompeu Fabra: the Linguistic Policy of a Multilingual University in a Catalan-Spanish Community.
There is a whole linguistic policy to reform C* we need to reconsider the language instruction methodology," she said.
Comparing Catalonia to Valencia, Pradilla argued that the weaker sociolinguistic situation of Valencia in the latter community is indicative of "the failure of its autonomous government to face its responsibilities regarding the linguistic policy that needs to be put into practice," in reference to the implicitly pro-Castilian posture of the ruling Partido Popular (67).
The rise of the French state after the 1789 Revolution and the formation of the Spanish state after the Seven Years' War in 1839 and the Second Carlist War in 1876 brought an excluding linguistic policy that, without doubt, accelerated the retreat of the Basque language,' says Irujo.
A preliminary conference was convened to explore the unique and pressing issues of linguistic policy for the new Territory.