Linguistic Units

Linguistic Units

 

elements that are uniform and indivisible from the standpoint of a certain level of segmentation of a text (phonological, morphological, etc.) and that are opposed to one another in the system corresponding to this level.

The indivisibility of a linguistic unit must be understood as its inability to be broken down into smaller units of the same type, although this does not exclude the fact that on a different level a combination of units of “lower rank” may correspond to this unit. Thus, a word (“lexeme” in the terminology of some linguists) viewed as a “unit of appellation” (for example, mka, “hand”) cannot be divided into smaller units possessing an independent nominative function, although the specific word forms by which it is represented in a sentence (ritka, “hand”; ruki, “of the hand”; rukoi, “with the hand”) may be regarded from another standpoint as a combination of smaller meaningful units (ruk-a, ruk-i, ruk-oi, etc.). The number and types (and consequently the names) of linguistic units distinguished by the various linguistic concepts vary. Many of them include the linguistic units of the basic plane of expression unit (the phoneme) and the simplest sign unit (the morpheme or moneme). The terminology pertaining to the units of the plane of content is more diverse (compare the sememe, the plereme, the morpheme, the grammeme, the noeme, the seme, etc.).

REFERENCES

Klimov, G. A. Fonema i morfema. Moscow, 1967.
Benvenist, E. “Urovni lingvisticheskogo analiza.” In Novoe v lingvistike, vol. 4. Moscow, 1965.

T. V. BULYGINA

References in periodicals archive ?
The bipolar nature of linguistic units S THIS TALL TREE p this tall tree
She said some of key points of discussion included introduction of Urdu for Specific Purposes (USP), strengthening translation studies, improving quality of language teaching, policy of use of language in media particularly for children, establishment of linguistic units at PEMRA and other relevant bodies, special measures for preservation of different regional languages.
Furthermore, the principle "semantic structure is conceptual structure" gives an idea that any meaning which is simply associated with words and linguistic units may be identified as conceptual structure or concepts.
Washington, July 22 ( ANI ): A new study has revealed that the harder adults try to learn an artificial language, the worse they are at deciphering the language's morphology, the structure and deployment of linguistic units such as root words, suffixes, and prefixes.
Interaction between constructions and other linguistic units in discourse involves what Talmy (2000b: 323) calls multiple specification which, more generally, "is applied to the situation where a sentence, or other portion of discourse, provides two or more specifications of the characteristics of the same referent" and is, not surprisingly, commonplace in discourse.
In the perception and parsing phases, the listener draws on linguistic knowledge in order to decode speech stream and parse the incoming speech into meaningful linguistic units.
Broadly speaking, synonymy is understood in terms of linguistic units of different form and the same/similar meaning:
Second, in order for French to flourish in the public administration, it proposed the division of departments into separate linguistic units (MacMillan 1998: 72-3).
If we take into consideration the relations between linguistic units there are two basic situations, when the language norm (or the usage norm) is predominantly observed, and when the norm of artistic expression prevails, transcending the linguistic norm.
We may designate by the expression 'liar-paradox' any variety of paradox which results from assumptions in which the properties of lying or being a liar are attributed to persons or the quality of being a lie to linguistic units or acts of employing them.
Linguists mostly but not exclusively at the Australian National University, where the First Kioloa Symposium on Etymology was held in April 2010, broaden the notion of etymology beyond words and their history, and address other linguistic units.
The Elements: A parasession on linguistic units and levels (pp.