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town (1991 pop. 9,524), West Lothian, central Scotland. Manufactures include paper, whiskey, and computers. Linlithgow Palace, now a ruin, was a seat of Stuart kings and the birthplace of James V and Mary Queen of Scots. Begun in the 15th cent. by James I, it was occupied (1651–59) by Oliver CromwellCromwell, Oliver
, 1599–1658, lord protector of England. Parliamentary General

The son of a gentry family, he entered Cambridge in 1616 but probably left the next year.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and his forces, and burned in 1746. The 1st earl of Murray, regent of Scotland, was murdered there in 1570.
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1. a town in SE Scotland, in West Lothian: ruined palace, residence of Scottish kings and birthplace of Mary, Queen of Scots. Pop.: 13 370 (2001)
2. the former name of West Lothian
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The Linlithgow Ramblers group and a number of other climbers were on the Munro, in the Mamores Range, when a brief but violent thunderstorm struck on Saturday afternoon.
I discovered I had the inconvenience of having to change at Falkirk Grahamston and then waiting in a cold waiting room for a train, 15 minutes later, to take me to Linlithgow.
In an even start to the game both sides kicked an early penalty, Andrew Skeen for Berwick and Jack Frame for Linlithgow and after quarter of an hour it was 3-3.
However, his failure to flash a second red meant he was far from adored by Linlithgow boss Mark Bradley who last night called for him to be "demoted".
Former Linlithgow man Calum Smith pulled one back for Kelty but it took nothing away from a fine Rose display and one that gets their own title hopes back on track.
The councillors, who recently slashed the budget for work carried out by people with learning difficulties, had first earmarked the cash for re-roofing Linlithgow Palace.
Police, fire and ambulance were called to the scene at 11.30am at The Cross in Linlithgow, West Lothian.
The second half started with Linlithgow again doing all the pressing.
Early in the second half Darren Goodfellow was yellow carded for Berwick and Linlithgow took advantage.
Swankie, a boyhood Light Blues fan, is relishing the prospect of a fifth-round tie against the top-flight Staggies - should they succeed in overcoming junior side Linlithgow Rose in tonight's rescheduled tie at Station Park And the Forfar striker said: "Doddsy was always a player I admired.
The Camelon assistant boss watched in-form keeper Ian Ure receive a second-half red card as they crashed to defeat against Linlithgow.
THE Scottish town of Linlithgow is building a memorial to its most famous - albeit fictional - resident.