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1. a design cut in relief on linoleum mounted on a wooden block
2. a print made from such a design



(also linoleum cut), a raised engraving on linoleum or on a similar polymer plastic material; the process is similar to woodcut and wood engraving. Linocut was introduced in the early 20th century. Many printmakers were immediately attracted by the distinctive qualities of the medium. A laconic artistic language and sharp contrasts of black and white can be achieved in linocuts. The softness of the linoleum results in lush and supple lines. The process is fast, and large blocks and colored inks can be used. A great number of copies are produced.

At times stylistically similar to wood engraving, linocut basically developed along another path. However, it frequently influenced the style of contemporary woodcuts and wood engravings (for example, the work of F. Masereel and the German expressionists). By the middle of the 20th century, several schools of linocutting had developed. The technique was particularly popular in the countries of Latin America. Linocuts were made by the engravers of the Workshop of People’s Graphics in Mexico (L. Méndez, A. Beltrán, A. García Bustos), by the members of the Club of Friends of Engraving in Brazil (C. Scliar, R. Katz, V. Prado), by A. R. Vigo and N. Onofrio in Argentina, and by C. Hermosiglia Alvarez in Chile. The process was often used by H. Matisse and P. Picasso (France), E. Packard and B. Randall (USA), and P. Nielsen (Denmark).

The linocut quickly became a part of the technique used by such Russian printmakers as V. D. Zamirailo, I. N. Pavlov, D. I. Mitrokhin, and O. V. Rozanova. Important Soviet masters of this medium have included V. D. Falileev, K. E. Kostenko, P. N. Staronosov, I. A. Sokolov, and V. A. Favorskii. Soviet linocut printing reached the height of its development in the late 1950’s and the 1960’s. National schools of linocutting have formed in many of the Union republics.


Staronosov, P. N. Graviura na linoleume. Moscow-Leningrad, 1938.
Pavlov, I., and M. Matorin. Tekhnika graviury na dereve i linoleume. Moscow, 1952.
Levitin, E. S. Sovremennaia grafika kapitalisticheskikh stran Evropy i Ameriki. Moscow, 1959.
Leont’eva, G. K. Dorogoi poiska. Leningrad-Moscow, 1965.


References in periodicals archive ?
In reduction lino printing, the block is cut away, inked up and printed, cut some more and then reprinted with each subsequent layer getting darker.
They also took part in other activities including creating an alien landscape, a self portrait, lino printing, clay model making and face painting.
The exhibition gave people a chance to try out the centre's arts and crafts workshops, ranging from lino printing, to watercolours and making fabric transfers.
Choose from Festive Wreath Making on December 4 (PS35 for adults, PS31 for children) and lino printing (November 19, PS100) to a Mixed Media Creature Making Workshop (November 26, PS80).
And Sally Hargraves explores the unusual technique of reduction lino printing, once again using the local landscape as her inspiration.
There are also paid-for workshops for adults in photography and lino printing. For details visit LAWRENCE Batley Theatre, Huddersfield, Tuesday, March 29, 2.30pm: The Tom Dale Company, in partnership with Moko Dance, brings the pixellated digital world to life in a new dance production for families.