Linoleic Acid


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Related to Linoleic Acid: linolenic acid, Conjugated linoleic acid

linoleic acid

[¦lin·e¦lē·ik ′as·əd]
(biochemistry)
C17H31COOH A yellow unsaturated fatty acid, boiling at 229°C (14 mmHg), occurring as a glyceride in drying oils; obtained from linseed, safflower, and tall oils; a principal fatty acid in plants, and considered essential in animal nutrition; used in medicine, feeds, paints, and margarine. Also known as linolic acid; 9,12-octadecadienoic acid.

Linoleic Acid

 

a monobasic carboxylic acid with two isolated double bonds, CH3(CH2)3 (CH2CH=CH)2(CH2)7COOH; a colorless oily liquid. Melting point, — 11°C; boiling point, 182°C (at 532 newtons per sq m, or 4 mm of mercury); density, 0.903 g/cm3 at 20°C.

Together with arachidonic acid and linolenic acid, linoleic acid is an irreplaceable fatty acid, necessary for normal vital activity. These acids are ingested by humans and animals with food, mainly in the form of complex lipids (triglycerides and phosphatides). A substantial quantity of linoleic acid in triglyceride form (up to 40–60 percent) is known to occur in many vegetable oils and animal fats, such as soy, cottonseed, sunflower, linseed, and hemp oils and whale blubber.

References in periodicals archive ?
Of LO hybrids, NK Neoma, which has a higher linoleic acid content, showed a lower oleic acid content than that of P63LE13 in both years of examination.
For now, grapeseed oil remains an excellent source of linoleic acid, which constitutes about 80% of its fatty acids.
Effects of conjugated linoleic acid on color and lipid oxidation of beef patties during cold storage.
Evidence in the formation of Conjugated Linoleic Acids from thermally induced 9t12t linoleic acid: A study by gas chromatography and infrared spectroscopy.
Conjugated linoleic acid alters fatty acid composition of pig skeletal muscle and fat.
By substituting linoleic acid for saturated fat, the researchers may have delivered their subjects up to 25% of total dietary fat in the form of linoleic acid, and that's too high.
11-Octadecenoic acid and C18:2 trans- 10, cis-12 CLA are synthesized in the rumen as a transient intermediate in the process of biohydrogenation of linoleic acid [18].
Reducing their linoleic acid intake to 1 percent (in line with our ancestral diet), and replacing those calories with calories from other fats, made these same animals skinny again, like throwing a switch.
Total glucosinolates were also positively correlated with stearic acid, linoleic acid and linolenic acid contents.
Ethyl linoleate is a stable version of linoleic acid and is an excellent solubilizer for Synovea HR, according to Sytheon.