Liotard, Jean-Étienne

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Liotard, Jean-Étienne

 

Born Dec. 22, 1702, in Geneva; died there June 12, 1789. Swiss painter.

Liotard’s stay in Turkey from 1738 to 1743 inspired him to create ethnographical genre drawings and pastels (for example, Turkish Woman With Slave-girl, Museum of Art and History, Geneva). He often depicted himself and his models in Oriental costumes. Liotard’s pastel portraits and miniatures are distinguished by the simplicity and elegantly cool objectivity of their images, precise detailing, and even brushwork.

WORKS

Traité des principes et des règles de la peinture. Geneva, 1781. (New edition, Geneva, 1945.)

REFERENCES

Benois, A. “Liotar.” Apollon, 1912, no. 9, pp. 5–15.
Fosca, F. La Vie, les voyages et les oeuvres de J.-E. Liotard .... Lausanne-Paris, 1956.