lip reading

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lip reading,

method by which the deaf are able to read the speech of others from the movements of the lips and mouth. It is sometimes referred to as speech reading, which technically also includes the reading of facial expressions and body language. Lip reading is a medium of education in many schools for deaf children (see deafnessdeafness,
partial or total lack of hearing. It may be present at birth (congenital) or may be acquired at any age thereafter. A person who cannot detect sound at an amplitude of 20 decibels in a frequency range of from 800 to 1,800 vibrations per second is said to be hard of
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). It came into wide use after World War IWorld War I,
1914–18, also known as the Great War, conflict, chiefly in Europe, among most of the great Western powers. It was the largest war the world had yet seen.
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 in the rehabilitation of shell-shocked, or otherwise deafened, soldiers.

Bibliography

See publications of the National Association of Hearing and Speech Agencies (formerly American Hearing Society); O. M. Wyatt, Teach Yourself Lip-Reading (1961, repr. 1969); E. Hazard, Lipreading for the Oral Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing Person (1971); J. Jeffers, Speechreading (1971).

References in periodicals archive ?
Charlotte, now, 18, successfully lip read her way through school and at Coleg Gwent, picking up her A-levels this week with an A* and two As, grades that have got her into Liverpool University to read law.
She is confident she can lip read well enough for court and says she doesn't view her hearing loss as a disability, because it's all she's ever really known.
"He attended a school where he learned sign language and how to lip read but he's struggled to find employment.
It wouldn't yet be practical to use it exclusively and, anyway, Bobby must continue to lip read."
Born with a hearing loss, Amina (name changed) could only understand sign language and lip read. She did not have good speech until a cochlear implant changed her life.
The funding announced yesterday will train 12 tutors from across Wales and support a programme of classes at low or no cost to those wishing to learn to lip read.
The nurse, based at the University Hospital of North Durham, married to Ken, a financial adviser, and mother to teenagers Georgina, 18, and Sean, 16, said: "Fortunately, I discovered I can lip read very well.
Thus, the cost of medical care includes the cost of attending a special school designed to help students compensate for, or overcome, a physical handicap, and to qualify them for future normal education or for normal living (e.g., a school that teaches students to read Braille or to lip read).
She can lip read even when her subject is not facing her, is speaking in an accent and has a beard.
When this user receives a call, a 3-D animated face appears on his/her computer screen, and the face's lips move in real time, synching with the caller's voice, thus allowing the deaf person to lip read.
Because she was a weaver and she could lip read every word I said to anybody in the hall.
"God, no," she said, "If he sang, deaf people would turn away in case they could lip read!"