Liquor Monopoly

Liquor Monopoly

 

in prerevolutionary Russia, a state monopoly over the production and commerce in alcoholic beverages. The liquor monopoly existed along with liquor leasing in the course of the 17th century and the first half of the 18th. The liquor monopoly was confirmed once and for all in the late 19th century; on the initiative of S. lu. Witte it was introduced at first into four provinces (Perm, Orenburg, Ufa, and Samara), and in the following years it was extended over the entire country.

The establishment of the liquor monopoly was dictated by the interests of the state treasury and the pomeshchik (landholder) distillers. With its introduction, the revenues of innkeepers and tax farmers were transferred to the government. In 1913 the value of all vodka consumed was 200 mil-lion rubles, but the population paid the state 900 million rubles for it. In tsarist Russia, the liquor monopoly was one of the levers “of that organized robbery, that systematic, unconscionable plunder of national property by a handful of pomeshchiki, bureaucrats, and all sorts of parasites, plunder which is called the ’state economy’ of Russia” (V. I. Lenin, Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 15, p. 163).

References in periodicals archive ?
Incidentally, the boom in applicants for a post in the state-run liquor monopoly happens at a time when the state government has restricted liquor sales to only five-star hotels, a decision taken by the previous United Democratic Front government.
In order to protect its high-priced liquor monopoly, New Brunswick has made it an offense for any resident to possess more than 12 pints of beer purchased in Quebec.
Oregon will keep its liquor monopoly, a remnant of ratification of the 21st Amendment 83 years ago.
GordonApple: Opposed by the usual unholy alliance between the churches and the Arkansas liquor monopoly.
of Westerville, Ohio, to provide warehousing services for the state's liquor monopoly through the end of October 2033.
Costco, which is based in Issaquah, Washington, spent $23 million campaigning against the state's liquor monopoly.
ANKARA, Apr 2, 2010 (TUR) -- Turkish police took 15 people into custody during a protest of the workers of Turkey's tobacco and liquor monopoly in capital Ankara on Friday.
Sweden has reportedly said that it might be forced to cut its high alcohol tax in order to protect the state liquor monopoly from much cheaper private imports.
A joint venture between a wealthy Thai businessman who owns the liquor monopoly in Thailand (a clear spirit distilled from molasses named Lao Khao--White Spirit--is the largest selling alcoholic beverage brand in Thailand) and Carlsberg Asia.
I will never forget, the day I left, seeing the queues outside the state liquor monopoly shops.
In the early 1980s, Sweden's state owned liquor monopoly decided to venture into the export market with vodka.
WTO members also have demanded that Taiwan impose taxes on liquor based on alcoholic content, regardless of its use, and scrap its liquor monopoly.