Lissouba, Pascal

Lissouba, Pascal,

1931–2020, Congolese political leader. A biologist and able administrator, he served as prime minister (1963–66) of the Congo Republic under President Massamba-DébatMassamba-Débat, Alphonse,
1921–77, Congolese politician. A teacher, he became involved in the independence movement. He was elected to the legislative assembly in 1959 and was its president (1959–61) when the Congo Republic gained independence in 1960.
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 and then taught genetics, but later (1977) was jailed for life for complicity in the assassination of President NgouabiNgouabi, Marien,
1938–77, Congolese army officer and political leader. After military training in France, he served in the Congo Republic's army and started the country's first paratrooper battalion.
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. Freed in 1979, he went into exile, teaching genetics at the Univ. of Paris and working for UNESCO in Paris and Nairobi, Kenya. In 1990 he returned to Congo. He founded the Pan-African Union for Social Democracy and won the country's first multiparty presidential election. When civil war broke out in 1997, he was overthrown by Sassou-NguessoSassou-Nguesso, Denis
, 1943?–, Congolese army officer and president (1979–92, 1997–) of Congo (Brazzaville). He served (1977–79) as the minister of national defense.
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 and went into exile, living in France from 2004.
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