List of Pritzker Architecture Prize Recipients

Related article: Pritzker Prize Pritzker Prize,
officially The Pritzker Architecture Prize
, award for excellence in architecture, given annually since 1979. Largely modeled on the Nobel Prize, it is the premier architectural award in the United States and is named for the family that founded the
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Pritzker Architecture Prize Recipients
Year Recipient(s) Nation
1979 Philip JohnsonJohnson, Philip Cortelyou,
1906–2005, American architect, museum curator, and historian, b. Cleveland, grad. Harvard Univ. (B.A., 1927). One of the first Americans to study modern European architecture, Johnson wrote (with H.-R.
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United States
1980 Luis BarragánBarragán, Luis,
1902–88, Mexican architect. Trained as an engineer, he traveled in France and Spain in the 1920s, and in France again in the early 30s when he met and was influenced by Le Corbusier.
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Mexico
1981 James StirlingStirling, Sir James Frazer,
1924–92, British architect, b. Glasgow, grad. Univ. of Liverpool school of architecture (1950). Settling in London, Stirling worked in partnership (1956–63) with James Gowan, and became known for straightforward and functional modernist
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Great Britain
1982 Kevin RocheRoche, Kevin,
1922–2019, Irish-American architect, b. Dublin, grad. National Univ. of Ireland, Dublin (1943) and, after immigrating (1948) to the United States, studied Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, with Mies van der Rohe.
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United States
1983 I. M. PeiPei, I. M.
(Ieoh Ming Pei) , 1917–2019, Chinese-American architect, b. Guangzhou, China. Pei immigrated to the United States in 1935 and studied at the Univ. of Pennsylvania, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and Harvard, where he taught from 1945 to 1948.
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United States
1984 Richard MeierMeier, Richard
, 1934–, American architect, b. Newark, N.J., educated at Cornell. During the 1960s, he was a member of the New York "Five" or "white" architects, a group that emulated the early International style. In such projects as the Smith House in Darien, Conn.
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United States
1985 Hans HolleinHollein, Hans,
1934–2014, Austrian architect and designer. He studied with Mies van der Rohe, Frank Lloyd Wright, and Richard Neutra. Opening his own practice in 1964, he established an international reputation with a series of small architectural projects, the first and
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Austria
1986 Gottfried Böhm Germany
1987 Kenzo TangeTange, Kenzo
, 1913–2005, Japanese architect. A graduate of the Univ. of Tokyo, he later taught there and at several American universities. The Hiroshima Peace Center (1949), for which Tange designed three buildings, won him international fame.
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Japan
1988 Gordon BunshaftBunshaft, Gordon,
1909–90, American architect, b. Buffalo, N.Y. As chief designer for the architectural firm of Skidmore, Owings and Merrill, Bunshaft was responsible for Lever House, New York City's first glass curtain-wall skyscraper (1952), which has been widely
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 and Oscar Niemeyer SoaresNiemeyer Soares, Oscar
, 1907–2012, Brazil's foremost 20th-century architect, b. Rio de Janeiro. Influenced by Le Corbusier, Niemeyer developed an architecture noted for its daring conception, purity of line, and formal lyricism; it is frequently characterized by curving
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United States; Brazil
1989 Frank GehryGehry, Frank Owen
, 1929–, American architect, b. Toronto, Ont., as Frank Owen Goldberg. He is widely considered one of the finest and most artful of contemporary architects. In 1947, Gehry's family moved to Los Angeles, where he attended the Univ.
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United States
1990 Aldo RossiRossi, Aldo
, 1931–97, Italian architectb. Milan; grad. Milan Polytechnic (1959). He began working for the design magazine Casabella-Continuità in 1954 and became its editor a decade later. His book The Architecture of the City (1966, tr.
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Italy
1991 Robert VenturiVenturi, Robert,
1925–2018, American architect and architectural theorist, b. Philadelphia, grad. Princeton (B.A., 1947; M.F.A., 1950). An important and highly influential theorist, Venturi inveighed in his writings against the banality and simplicity of postwar modern
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United States
1992 Alvaro Siza Portugal
1993 Fumihiko Maki Japan
1994 Christian de Portzamparc France
1995 Tadao AndoAndo, Tadao
, 1941–, Japanese architect, b. Osaka. The majority of his buildings are in Japan; he is particularly known for religious structures and museums. Informally apprenticed to a Japanese master carpenter, Ando is otherwise self-taught.
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Japan
1996 Rafael MoneoMoneo, Rafael
(José Rafael Moneo), 1937–, Spanish architect, b. Tudela, Navarre. He received undergraduate (1961) and doctoral (1965) degrees from the Madrid School of Architecture, worked (1960–61) with Danish architect Jørn Utzon, and studied (1963–65)
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Spain
1997 Sverre Fehn Norway
1998 Renzo PianoPiano, Renzo
, 1937–, Italian architect, b. Genoa. Piano attended architecture school at Milan Polytechnic, graduating in 1964. The prolific Piano has been lauded for responding to the needs of each building site rather than cleaving to a single architectural style and has
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Italy
1999 Norman FosterFoster, Norman Robert, Baron Foster of Thames Bank,
1935–, British architect, b. Manchester, grad. Manchester Univ. school of architecture (1961), Yale school of architecture (M.A., 1962).
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Great Britain
2000 Rem KoolhaasKoolhaas, Rem
(Remmet Lucas Koolhaas), 1944–, Dutch architect, b. Rotterdam. He began his career as a journalist and screenwriter, moving to London in the late 1960s to study architecture.
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Netherlands
2001 Jacques Herzog and Pierre de Meuron Switzerland
2002 Glenn Murcutt Australia
2003 Jørn UtzonUtzon, Jørn,
1918–2008, Danish architect, grad. Royal Academy of Fine Arts, Copenhagen (1942). He worked for Eric Gunnar Asplund in Sweden and Alvar Aalto in Finland before opening (1950) his own Copenhagen architectural office.
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Denmark
2004 Zaha HadidHadid, Dame Zaha,
1950–2016, British architect, b. Baghdad, studied American Univ., Beirut (1968–71), Architectural Association School, London (grad. 1977). A partner in Rem Koolhaas's Office for Metropolitan Architecture (1977–79), she established her own
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Great Britain
2005 Thom MayneMayne, Thom,
1944–, American architect, b. Waterbury, Conn., grad. Univ. of Southern California (B.A., 1968), Harvard (M.A., 1978). In 1972 Mayne cofounded the firm Morphosis in Santa Monica, Calif., where he is still principal.
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United States
2006 Paulo Mendes da Rocha Brazil
2007 Richard RogersRogers, Richard, Baron Rogers of Riverside,
1933–, British architect, b. Florence, Italy, studied Architectural Association, London (1954–59), Yale (M.Arch., 1962). With Norman Foster and two other architects he cofounded (1963) Team 4, his first firm.
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Great Britain
2008 Jean NouvelNouvel, Jean
, 1945–, French architect, grad. École des Beaux-Arts, Paris (1971). He opened his own firm in 1975, and became known for innovative techniques, the use of modern materials, and for eschewing a signature style and letting the site, intended use,
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France
2009 Peter ZumthorZumthor, Peter,
1943–, Swiss architect. He apprenticed with his cabinetmaker father as a teenager, and wood is a recurring material in his work, e.g., his small, shingled St.
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Switzerland
2010 Kazuyo Sejima and Ryue Nishizawa, partners in the firm Sanaa Japan
2011 Eduardo Souto de Moura Portugal
2012 Wang Shu China
2013 Toyo Ito Japan
2014 Shigeru BanBan, Shigeru,
1957–, Japanese architect. After graduating (1984) from the Cooper Union School of Architecture, New York City, he established (1985) a practice in Tokyo, later adding offices in Paris and New York.
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Japan
2015 Frei OttoOtto, Frei Paul
, 1925–2015, German architect. Most notable for his tensile and pneumatic structures, Otto was among the first major architects to experiment with lightweight design. He was a noted designer of exhibition tents and sports arenas.
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Germany
2016 Alejandro AravenaAravena, Alejandro
1967–, Chilean architect, b. Santiago, grad. Pontifical Catholic Univ. of Chile, Santiago (1992). Inspired by public service as much as by aesthetic concerns, he has focused on innovative, low-cost housing as well as on more traditional architectural
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Chile
2017 Rafael Aranda, Carme Pigem, and Ramon Vilalta Spain
2018 Balkrishna Doshi India
2019 Arata IsozakiIsozaki, Arata
, 1931–, Japanese architect, b. Oita. One of his nation's most important contemporary architects, he has an international reputation and has designed notable buildings in Asia, Europe, and the United States.
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Japan
2020 Yvonne Farrell and Shelley McNamara Ireland
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
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