Lucknow

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Lucknow

or

Lakhnau

(both: lŭk`nou), city (1991 pop. 1,669,204), capital of Uttar Pradesh state, N central India, on the Gomati River. An educational and cultural center, it has varied industries, including food processing, railroad shops, and handicrafts. The city is a major transportation hub and has an important agricultural market. It was the capital of the kingdom of Oudh (1775–1856) and then of Oudh prov. It became the capital of the United Provinces when Agra and Oudh merged in 1877. The most notable architectural structure is the Imambara [mausoleum] of Asuf-ad-Daula, Oudh's greatest king. During the Indian MutinyIndian Mutiny,
1857–58, revolt that began with Indian soldiers in the Bengal army of the British East India Company but developed into a widespread uprising against British rule in India. It is also known as the Sepoy Rebellion, sepoys being the native soldiers.
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, the British garrison in Lucknow suffered heavy casualties during a siege (June–Nov., 1857). Although the siege was broken, the British evacuated the city (Nov.); a year later, when they regained control of India, they reentered. Lucknow was a focus of the movement (1942–47) for an independent Pakistan.

Lucknow

 

a city in Northern India, on the Gomati River (left tributary of the Ganges), the administrative center of the state of Uttar Pradesh. Population, 826,400 (1971).

Lucknow is an important transportation hub and one of the chief industrial centers of the Ganges Valley. Its industries produce textiles (mainly cotton), metalwork (there are railroad shops), leather footwear, food (sugar), paper, precision tools, and printed matter. Traditional crafts are also developed, including embroidery, production of fabric and ceramic wares, and wood and ivory carving. Lucknow is the site of a university (since 1921), the Central Drug Research Institute, an arts and crafts college that revives old crafts (silver and copper work and weaving), and botanical gardens. Its notable architectural monuments include the Great Imambara complex (18th century) with mosque and the Constancia Residency (early 19th century).

Lucknow served as the capital of Oudh principality. It was one of the main centers of the Indian Popular Revolt of 1857–59.

Lucknow

Indian mutiny put down by British (1858). [Ind. Hist.: Harbottle Battles, 143]
See: Battle

Lucknow

a city in N India, capital of Uttar Pradesh: capital of Oudh (1775--1856); the British residency was besieged (1857) during the Indian Mutiny. Pop.: 2 207 340 (2001)
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