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(tībā`), special municipality (2010 pop. 2,655,515), N Taiwan, capital of Taiwan and provisional capital of the Republic of China. It is the administrative, cultural, and industrial center of the island. The major industries produce electrical and electronic equipment, textiles, metals, machinery, chemicals, food products, ships, and motorcycles. The city has a subway/elevated light-rail system, and is connected by high-speed rail to KaohsiungKaohsiung
or Kao-hsiung
, special municipality (2010 pop. 2,777,384), 1,140 sq mi (2,952 sq km), S Taiwan. The economic center of S Taiwan, it is Taiwan's leading port but also includes (since 2010) the former Kaohsiung co.
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. Several universities, the National Palace Museum and other cultural institutions, and Taipei 101Taipei 101,
skyscraper in the Hsinyi dist., Taipei, Taiwan; also known as the Taipei Financial Center. With 101 floors and reaching 1,667 ft (508 m) high, Taipei 101 became the world's tallest building when it was topped out in 2003, surpassing the Petronas Towers; it was
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, formerly the world's tallest building, are there.

Founded in the 18th cent. by immigrants from Fujian prov. on the China mainland, Taipei began its modern development only after 1885, when it replaced Tainan as the capital of Taiwan prov. It continued to serve as a political center and underwent considerable enlargement and modernization under Japanese rule (1895–1945). In 1949, when the Communists forced the government of Chiang Kai-shekChiang Kai-shek
, 1887–1975, Chinese Nationalist leader. He was also called Chiang Chung-cheng.

After completing military training with the Japanese Army, he returned to China in 1911 and took part in the revolution against the Manchus (see Ch'ing).
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 to flee from the mainland of China, Taipei became the headquarters of the Nationalists. In 1967 the city became a special municipality with a status equal to that of a province. Taipei suffered minor damage in the 1999 Taiwan earthquake.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city in China, in the northern part of the island of Taiwan. Situated on the navigable Tanshui River. Capital of Taiwan Province. Population, 1.8 million (1971).

Taipei is the largest city and the chief economic center of the province. It is a hub for railroad and air transportation, with the international airports of Sungshan and T’aoyiian. Chilung (Kee-lung), with which Taipei forms a single transportation and industrial complex, is Taipei’s outer port. Taipei has various branches of industry, such as metallurgy and the production of cement, chemicals, wood products, and paper. The machine-building industry is represented by shipbuilding and electronics, and the perfume and pharmaceuticals industry by the processing of camphor and other products. Enterprises of the food industry include sugar refineries, tea factories, and vegetable, fruit, and fish canneries. Coal is mined on the outskirts of Taipei.

Taipei is the sea of the Kuomintang administration (as of 1979).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


, T'ai-pei
the capital of Taiwan (the Republic of China), at the N tip of the island: became capital in 1885; industrial centre; two universities. Pop.: 2 473 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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