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Forward displacement of a vertebra upon the one below as a result of a bilateral defect in the vertebral arch, or erosion of the articular surface of the posterior facets due to degenerative joint disease.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the forward displacement of the spine in man as a result of degenerative changes in an intervertebral disk or spondylolysis (congenital aplasia of a vertebral arch). The displacement of the fifth lumbar vertebra over the sacrum is the most common form of spondylolisthesis. The disease develops slowly over several years; however, it may sometimes appear suddenly after a trauma. Its development is promoted by other diseases of the spine, including spondylosis, by heavy physical labor, and by an increase in body weight. The disease is manifested by pain and limited mobility in the corresponding segment of the spine. Roentgenologic examination is important in diagnosing spondylolisthesis. Treatment is complex and includes special work arrangements, kinesitherapy, and the use of corsets that relieve strain. Osteoplasty is performed if vertebral displacement is pronounced.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
They reported that BMD at axial and appendicular sites was higher than in those with no listhesis at L3-L4, was similar at L4-L5, and was lower at L5-S1.
According to our hypothesis, degenerative changes and shear stress affected mostly L5 vertebrae and gave rise to increase in BMD since spondylolysis and listhesis were mostly detected at this level.
ovarian sprain cysts) Degenerative Disc Disease Renal disease Isthmic spondylolysis/ SIJ dysfunction listhesis Ring apophyseal injury Hip pathology (adolescents) Stress fracture of sacrum/ Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Facet (14) Disc Herniation Fracture of vertebrae Infection Sacralization of L5 Table 2.
His lateral X-ray demonstrates a listhesis (forward translation) of the C5 on C6 vertebral body.
Laurent and Einola measured the anterior slip as the width of the listhesis body, while Tillard described the forward displacement of L5 as a percentage of the maximum antero-posterior diameter of S1.
Screw fixation is superior to sublaminar wires and hooks especially in fracture, listhesis, and deformity patients where the anchorage power and load bearing capacity of the implant is important.
Also among all of our patients 55% of them had Grade I listhesis and 45% had Grade II listhesis.
The second most common causes found were sacroilitis and spondylolysis with or without listhesis. Scoliosis, spinal trauma and infective etiologies were third most common cause of back pain in this study.