Lithium Carbonate

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

lithium carbonate

[′lith·ē·əm ′kär·bə‚nāt]
(inorganic chemistry)
Li2CO3 A colorless, crystalline compound that melts at 700°C and has slight solubility in water; used in ceramic industries in the manufacture of powdered glass for porcelain enamel formulation.

Lithium Carbonate


Li2CO3, a salt; colorless crystals. Density, 2.11 g/cm3 at 0°C; melting point, 732°C (dissociation occurs at higher temperatures). It has low solubility in water (1.33 g in 100 g H2O at 20°C). Pure lithium carbonate is produced by passing CO2 through a solution of LiOH; in industry it is produced by the action of potash or soda on lithium salt solutions at temperatures of 80°-90°C.

Lithium carbonate is the most important lithium salt. It is the raw material for the production of other lithium compounds. Lithium oxide, Li2O, formed from Li2CO3, is used in the glass-making and ceramics industries because of its ability to impart valuable properties (thermal and chemical stability; strength) to the materials. Lithium carbonate is also used in pyrotechnics, the production of plastics (as a catalyst), and ferrous metallurgy (desulfurization of steel).

References in periodicals archive ?
The initial well at Sal de Vida demonstrates the potential for long term supply to proposed solar ponds and lithium carbonate and potash production plants, utilising only a fraction of the currently estimated extractable resource.
The company added the Lithium Carbonate Extended-release Tablets is the generic version of Noven Therapeutic's Lithobid Tablets, which are indicated for the treatment of manic episodes of bipolar disorder and as a maintenance treatment for individuals with a diagnosis of bipolar disorder.
WLC also said it is planning to produce up to 26,000 tonnes annually of lithium carbonate equivalent which would fulfill lithium demand for between 500,000 to more than 1 million electric cars.
Rockwood will build a 20,000 metric ton lithium carbonate plant, under the new investment programme, to be located at LeNegra, near the port of Antofagasta in northern Chile.
The Kings Valley study demonstrates that the project could produce lithium carbonate at an estimated average cash cost of $968/mt, net of byproduct credits, once full production of 26,000 mt/y is achieved.
Galaxy's compelling 'China story', encompassing the downstream lithium carbonate plant in Jiangsu coupled with the Mt Cattlin resource, is well understood by investors in Hong Kong," Mr Tan said.
Perth, Australia, Sep 24, 2012 - (ABN Newswire) - Lithium producer Galaxy Resources Ltd (ASX:GXY) advises it is to utilise its own patented purification technology at the recently acquired Sal de Vida lithium and potash brine project ("Sal de Vida" or "the Project") in Argentina to produce battery grade lithium carbonate.